A 22-year-old woman with severe double curve scoliosis was instrumented in 2006 (posterior instrumentation T2-L5). In 2007–2008, the patient had progressive worsening of the scoliosis. In August 2012, she presented with mild oozing matter from the surgery scar in the middle of her back (figure 1A). There was no pain. Her C reactive protein level was 1 mg/L in plasma. There was no reason to consider other sites of infection. Spinal X-rays showed failure of surgery for correction of sagittal imbalance with worsening of the spinal deformity, implant migration and implant loosen- ing at the lower part of the instrumentation ( figure 1B). Late postoperative spinal implant infection with fistula was diagnosed. Total explantation of the instrumentation (including the 2 rods and the hooks) with wide debridement was performed, and abscesses, detected close to each hook, were drained. Surgical samples grew Enterococcus faecalis. The patient received high doses of intravenous amoxicillin for 1 month and amoxicillin orally for 4 months thereafter. No pain remained and the spinal deformity has not worsened at 2-year follow-up.

Chronic enterococcal spinal implant infection 6 years after instrumentation of a severe scoliosis in a 22-year-old woman

Signorelli F.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
2015

Abstract

A 22-year-old woman with severe double curve scoliosis was instrumented in 2006 (posterior instrumentation T2-L5). In 2007–2008, the patient had progressive worsening of the scoliosis. In August 2012, she presented with mild oozing matter from the surgery scar in the middle of her back (figure 1A). There was no pain. Her C reactive protein level was 1 mg/L in plasma. There was no reason to consider other sites of infection. Spinal X-rays showed failure of surgery for correction of sagittal imbalance with worsening of the spinal deformity, implant migration and implant loosen- ing at the lower part of the instrumentation ( figure 1B). Late postoperative spinal implant infection with fistula was diagnosed. Total explantation of the instrumentation (including the 2 rods and the hooks) with wide debridement was performed, and abscesses, detected close to each hook, were drained. Surgical samples grew Enterococcus faecalis. The patient received high doses of intravenous amoxicillin for 1 month and amoxicillin orally for 4 months thereafter. No pain remained and the spinal deformity has not worsened at 2-year follow-up.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/240738
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