Developing effective and eco-friendly antiparasitic drugs and insecticides is an issue of high importance nowadays. In this study, we evaluated the anthelminthic and insecticidal potential of the leaf essential oil obtained from Origanum syriacum against the L3 larvae of the parasitic nematode Anisakis simplex and larvae and adults of the mosquito Culex quinquefasciatus. Tests on A. simplex were performed by standard larvicidal and penetration assays, while mosquito toxicity was assessed relying on larvicidal, tarsal contact, and fumigation tests. To shed light on the possible mode of action, we analyzed the oil impact as acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitor. This oil was particularly active on L3 larvae of A. simplex, showing a LC50 of 0.087 and 0.067 mg mL−1 after 24 and 48 h treatment, respectively. O. syriacum essential oil was highly effective on both larvae and adults ofC. quinquefasciatus, showing LC50 values of 32.4 mg L−1 and 28.1 µg cm−2, respectively. Its main constituent, carvacrol, achieved larvicidal LC50(90) of 29.5 and 39.2 mg L−1, while contact toxicity assays on adults had an LC50(90) of 25.5 and 35.8 µg cm−2, respectively. In fumigation assays, the LC50 was 12.1 µL L−1 after 1 h and decreased to 1.3 µL L−1 in 24 h of exposure. Similarly, the fumigation LC50 of carvacrol was 8.2 µL L−1 after 1 h of exposure, strongly decreasing to 0.8 µL L−1 after 24 h of exposure. These results support the folk usage of Lebanese oregano as an antiparasitic agent, providing new insights about its utilization for developing new effective and eco-friendly nematocidal and insecticidal products.

Efficacy of origanum syriacum essential oil against the mosquito vector culex quinquefasciatus and the gastrointestinal parasite anisakis simplex, with insights on acetylcholinesterase inhibition

Otranto D.;
2019

Abstract

Developing effective and eco-friendly antiparasitic drugs and insecticides is an issue of high importance nowadays. In this study, we evaluated the anthelminthic and insecticidal potential of the leaf essential oil obtained from Origanum syriacum against the L3 larvae of the parasitic nematode Anisakis simplex and larvae and adults of the mosquito Culex quinquefasciatus. Tests on A. simplex were performed by standard larvicidal and penetration assays, while mosquito toxicity was assessed relying on larvicidal, tarsal contact, and fumigation tests. To shed light on the possible mode of action, we analyzed the oil impact as acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitor. This oil was particularly active on L3 larvae of A. simplex, showing a LC50 of 0.087 and 0.067 mg mL−1 after 24 and 48 h treatment, respectively. O. syriacum essential oil was highly effective on both larvae and adults ofC. quinquefasciatus, showing LC50 values of 32.4 mg L−1 and 28.1 µg cm−2, respectively. Its main constituent, carvacrol, achieved larvicidal LC50(90) of 29.5 and 39.2 mg L−1, while contact toxicity assays on adults had an LC50(90) of 25.5 and 35.8 µg cm−2, respectively. In fumigation assays, the LC50 was 12.1 µL L−1 after 1 h and decreased to 1.3 µL L−1 in 24 h of exposure. Similarly, the fumigation LC50 of carvacrol was 8.2 µL L−1 after 1 h of exposure, strongly decreasing to 0.8 µL L−1 after 24 h of exposure. These results support the folk usage of Lebanese oregano as an antiparasitic agent, providing new insights about its utilization for developing new effective and eco-friendly nematocidal and insecticidal products.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/240496
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