BACKGROUND: Dental implants and bone augmentation are well-established procedures used for oral rehabilitation. There is an increasing interest in biological mediators used topically for prevention of bone resorption maybe enhancement of osseointegration of dental implants. The purpose of the manuscript is to describe preliminarily the effect of bisphosphonates on the ossification pattern of bone grafts in a rat model. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty Wistar-derived male rats were divided into 2 groups study and control. Bone substitute was added to mandibular defects and was covered by a resorbable collagen membrane. In the study group, the membrane was soaked with bisphosphonates suspension. In the control group, the membrane was soaked with saline solution. Radiographic and histomorphometric evaluation were performed. RESULTS: Radiographically, it was found that bone density was significantly higher in the study group. Histomorphometric analysis revealed a trend of higher bone volume fraction along with reduced bone substitute volume fraction in the study group, and increased number of osteoclasts and blood vessels in the control group. CONCLUSIONS: Within the limitations of our study it was found that there is a trend of increasing bone quantity and radiographic bone density by application of bisphosphonates.

Histologic and Radiographic Characteristics of Bone Filler Under Bisphosphonates

Inchingolo F.;
2019

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Dental implants and bone augmentation are well-established procedures used for oral rehabilitation. There is an increasing interest in biological mediators used topically for prevention of bone resorption maybe enhancement of osseointegration of dental implants. The purpose of the manuscript is to describe preliminarily the effect of bisphosphonates on the ossification pattern of bone grafts in a rat model. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty Wistar-derived male rats were divided into 2 groups study and control. Bone substitute was added to mandibular defects and was covered by a resorbable collagen membrane. In the study group, the membrane was soaked with bisphosphonates suspension. In the control group, the membrane was soaked with saline solution. Radiographic and histomorphometric evaluation were performed. RESULTS: Radiographically, it was found that bone density was significantly higher in the study group. Histomorphometric analysis revealed a trend of higher bone volume fraction along with reduced bone substitute volume fraction in the study group, and increased number of osteoclasts and blood vessels in the control group. CONCLUSIONS: Within the limitations of our study it was found that there is a trend of increasing bone quantity and radiographic bone density by application of bisphosphonates.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/238692
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