Since the onset of the industrial revolution development, the worldwide economic system has been characterized by a “linear model”. With the linear model, the researchers highlight, in a simplified way, a model in which raw materials are extracted from the ground, transported to manufacturing, processed to make a commodity, and then stuck back into the ground as landfill (“take-produce-dispose”). This model is based upon the idea that consumption is the only contributor to human welfare and environmental deterioration is a direct consequence. It is evident that this idea relies solely on economic growth, without thinking of the repercussions for the future generations. In recent years, after different debates and study research, the concept of circular economy has taken hold, aiming at restructuring the take-make-dispose model emulating natural processes in which waste is not contemplated. To achieve this goal, circular economy proposes a set of measures in order to prevent waste propagation and facilitate recycling processes. The core idea of circular economy is to propose a regenerative model of manufacturing in which products and components are reused multiple times. It has become strategic to rethink and redesign the production model, designing commodities that can be reused after their end of life. Circular economy can generate not only environmental benefits; it can relieve the pressure arising from the production system, thus generating economic benefit. It's interesting to try and measure this effect with concrete data. This monograph aims at presenting some innovative solutions relating to circular economy through particular empirical research in the sectors of tourism, food industry and entrepreneurship in Bulgaria and some European countries. The particular scientific tasks of the monograph focus on: analysis of the circular economy performance tools; presenting the possible strategies for assessment of the effects of circular economy; presenting different approaches for studying circular economy – by country, region or sector. The object of study of this monograph is the circular economy process, and the subject is the implementation of its innovative models. Chapter One follows the descriptive approach and traces different evolution moments significant for the development of circular economy. Chapter Two presents a comparative analysis of concepts close to the idea of circular economy. Chapter Three follows the deduction approach of the reasoning from the general (the nature of circular economy) to the particular (the tools which strategically enhance the environmental assessment of products and services and the efficient use of resources). In the following chapters (Four, Five, Six, Seven, Eight, Nine), the authors apply different empirical approaches – online questionnaires, in-depth interviews, statistical elaboration of data with specialized software, etc., in search of innovative solutions for assessment of circular economy in Bulgaria, Italy and some other European countries. In conclusion, the authors synthesize and generalize their findings.

Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) application to develop circular economy: case study from a european project

Gallucci Teodoro;Lagioia Giovanni;Amicarelli Vera
2019

Abstract

Since the onset of the industrial revolution development, the worldwide economic system has been characterized by a “linear model”. With the linear model, the researchers highlight, in a simplified way, a model in which raw materials are extracted from the ground, transported to manufacturing, processed to make a commodity, and then stuck back into the ground as landfill (“take-produce-dispose”). This model is based upon the idea that consumption is the only contributor to human welfare and environmental deterioration is a direct consequence. It is evident that this idea relies solely on economic growth, without thinking of the repercussions for the future generations. In recent years, after different debates and study research, the concept of circular economy has taken hold, aiming at restructuring the take-make-dispose model emulating natural processes in which waste is not contemplated. To achieve this goal, circular economy proposes a set of measures in order to prevent waste propagation and facilitate recycling processes. The core idea of circular economy is to propose a regenerative model of manufacturing in which products and components are reused multiple times. It has become strategic to rethink and redesign the production model, designing commodities that can be reused after their end of life. Circular economy can generate not only environmental benefits; it can relieve the pressure arising from the production system, thus generating economic benefit. It's interesting to try and measure this effect with concrete data. This monograph aims at presenting some innovative solutions relating to circular economy through particular empirical research in the sectors of tourism, food industry and entrepreneurship in Bulgaria and some European countries. The particular scientific tasks of the monograph focus on: analysis of the circular economy performance tools; presenting the possible strategies for assessment of the effects of circular economy; presenting different approaches for studying circular economy – by country, region or sector. The object of study of this monograph is the circular economy process, and the subject is the implementation of its innovative models. Chapter One follows the descriptive approach and traces different evolution moments significant for the development of circular economy. Chapter Two presents a comparative analysis of concepts close to the idea of circular economy. Chapter Three follows the deduction approach of the reasoning from the general (the nature of circular economy) to the particular (the tools which strategically enhance the environmental assessment of products and services and the efficient use of resources). In the following chapters (Four, Five, Six, Seven, Eight, Nine), the authors apply different empirical approaches – online questionnaires, in-depth interviews, statistical elaboration of data with specialized software, etc., in search of innovative solutions for assessment of circular economy in Bulgaria, Italy and some other European countries. In conclusion, the authors synthesize and generalize their findings.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/236811
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