The chick immune system is a fundamental model in basic immunology. In birds, the bone marrow derived pluripotent stem cells after entering the circulation, migrate to bursa of Fabricius to benefit from a microenvironment which supports the differentiation and maturation of B lymphocytes by the help of its resident cells and tissues. Delivering sufficient functional B cells is required to maintain their peripheral population and normal peripheral humoral responses. Additionally, bursa acts as an active site for the generation of antibody diversity through gene conversion. Being consisted of 98% B lymphocytes, the organ is occupied by other cell types including T cells, macrophages, eosinophils and mast cells. Thymus, which is an epithelial organ is the main site of T cell development where positive and negative selections contribute to the development of functional and not autoreactive T cell repertoire. Bursectomy and thymectomy are surgical exercises through which the involvement of cells of specific immunity including B cells and T cells can be determined.
|Titolo:||The morphological basis of the development of the chick embryo immune system|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|