RNA editing is a widespread epitranscriptomic mechanism by which primary RNAs are specifically modified through insertions/deletions or nucleotide substitutions. In plants, RNA editing occurs in organelles (plastids and mitochondria), involves the cytosine to uridine modification (rarely uridine to cytosine) within protein-coding and non-protein-coding regions of RNAs and affects organelle biogenesis, adaptation to environmental changes and signal transduction. High-throughput sequencing technologies have dramatically improved the detection of RNA editing sites at genomic scale. Consequently, different bioinformatics resources have been released to discovery and/or collect novel events. Here, we review and describe the state-of-the-art bioinformatics tools devoted to the characterization of RNA editing in plant organelles with the aim to improve our knowledge about this fascinating but yet under investigated process.

RNA editing in plants: A comprehensive survey of bioinformatics tools and databases

Lo Giudice C.;Pesole G.;Picardi E.
2019

Abstract

RNA editing is a widespread epitranscriptomic mechanism by which primary RNAs are specifically modified through insertions/deletions or nucleotide substitutions. In plants, RNA editing occurs in organelles (plastids and mitochondria), involves the cytosine to uridine modification (rarely uridine to cytosine) within protein-coding and non-protein-coding regions of RNAs and affects organelle biogenesis, adaptation to environmental changes and signal transduction. High-throughput sequencing technologies have dramatically improved the detection of RNA editing sites at genomic scale. Consequently, different bioinformatics resources have been released to discovery and/or collect novel events. Here, we review and describe the state-of-the-art bioinformatics tools devoted to the characterization of RNA editing in plant organelles with the aim to improve our knowledge about this fascinating but yet under investigated process.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/233034
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