Biogas production occurs during methane fermentation from organic substrates and the mass remaining after fermentation, containing organic matter and valuable minerals having regard to plant nutrition, forms the digestate, which could be useful for fertilizing purposes and very beneficial in the case of the fertilization of rapeseeds. This paper focuses on the use of two forms of fertilization of rapeseeds-digestate and mineral fertilizers-in order to reduce the compressive strength of rapeseeds. The object presents results of compressive strength tests of three rape varieties (Bios, Feliks, Markus). The uniaxial compression tests between two parallel planes were made using a Zwick/Roell Z005 testing machine. Comparative analyses for the analyzed variables were carried out applying parametric and non-parametric statistical tests. On the basis of the conducted research, it was found that the distribution of the increase in the force crushing Bios and Feliks rapeseed varieties in both forms of cultivation was proportional to the increase in their mass. However, with a relatively comparable mass of Bios cv. seeds, in the case of the digestate use, a stronger correlation was found between the seed pressing force and its mass than for the multi-component fertilizer, understanding the need to apply more force to crush the seeds for this form of cultivation. In the conducted tests, the average size of rapeseed diameters of all varieties and forms of cultivation ranged from 1.81-1.95 mm, which indicates their good suitability for industrial purposes.

The influence of digestate on the static strength of spring rapeseeds (Brassica napus var. arvensis)

Anifantis A. S.
2019

Abstract

Biogas production occurs during methane fermentation from organic substrates and the mass remaining after fermentation, containing organic matter and valuable minerals having regard to plant nutrition, forms the digestate, which could be useful for fertilizing purposes and very beneficial in the case of the fertilization of rapeseeds. This paper focuses on the use of two forms of fertilization of rapeseeds-digestate and mineral fertilizers-in order to reduce the compressive strength of rapeseeds. The object presents results of compressive strength tests of three rape varieties (Bios, Feliks, Markus). The uniaxial compression tests between two parallel planes were made using a Zwick/Roell Z005 testing machine. Comparative analyses for the analyzed variables were carried out applying parametric and non-parametric statistical tests. On the basis of the conducted research, it was found that the distribution of the increase in the force crushing Bios and Feliks rapeseed varieties in both forms of cultivation was proportional to the increase in their mass. However, with a relatively comparable mass of Bios cv. seeds, in the case of the digestate use, a stronger correlation was found between the seed pressing force and its mass than for the multi-component fertilizer, understanding the need to apply more force to crush the seeds for this form of cultivation. In the conducted tests, the average size of rapeseed diameters of all varieties and forms of cultivation ranged from 1.81-1.95 mm, which indicates their good suitability for industrial purposes.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/231604
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