BACKGROUND: During orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT), liver graft ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) triggers a cytokine-mediated systemic inflammatory response, which impairs graft function and disrupts distal organ homeostasis. The objective of this prospective, observational trial was to assess the effects of IRI on lung and chest wall mechanics in the intraoperative period of patients undergoing OLT. METHODS: In 26 patients undergoing OLT, we measured elastance of the respiratory system (ERS), partitioned into lung (EL) and chest wall (ECW), hemodynamics, and fluid and blood product intake before laparotomy (T1), after portal/caval surgical clamp (T2), and immediately (T3) and, at 90 and 180 minutes post-reperfusion (T4 and T5, respectively). Interleukin-6 (IL-6), monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1), IL-1β and tumor necrosis factor-α plasma concentrations were assessed at T1, T4 and T5. RESULTS: EL significantly decreased from T1 to T2 (13.5±4.4 vs 9.7±4.8 cmH2O/L, P<0.05), remained stable at T3, while at T4 (12.3±4.4 cmH2O/L, P<0.05) was well above levels recorded at T2, reaching its highest value at T5 (15±3.9 cmH2O/L, P<0.05). Variations in ERS, EL, driving pressure (∆P) and trans-pulmonary pressure (∆PL) significantly correlated with changes in IL-6 and MCP-1 plasma concentrations, but not with changes in wedge pressure, fluid amounts, and red blood cells and platelets administered. No correlation was found between changes in cytokine concentrations and ECW. CONCLUSIONS: We found that EL, ECW, ∆P and ∆PL underwent significant variations during the OLT procedure. Further, we documented a significant association between the respiratory mechanics changes and the inflammatory response following liver graft reperfusion.

Effects of liver ischemia-reperfusion injury on respiratory mechanics and driving pressure during orthotopic liver transplantation

Grasso S.;
2019

Abstract

BACKGROUND: During orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT), liver graft ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) triggers a cytokine-mediated systemic inflammatory response, which impairs graft function and disrupts distal organ homeostasis. The objective of this prospective, observational trial was to assess the effects of IRI on lung and chest wall mechanics in the intraoperative period of patients undergoing OLT. METHODS: In 26 patients undergoing OLT, we measured elastance of the respiratory system (ERS), partitioned into lung (EL) and chest wall (ECW), hemodynamics, and fluid and blood product intake before laparotomy (T1), after portal/caval surgical clamp (T2), and immediately (T3) and, at 90 and 180 minutes post-reperfusion (T4 and T5, respectively). Interleukin-6 (IL-6), monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1), IL-1β and tumor necrosis factor-α plasma concentrations were assessed at T1, T4 and T5. RESULTS: EL significantly decreased from T1 to T2 (13.5±4.4 vs 9.7±4.8 cmH2O/L, P<0.05), remained stable at T3, while at T4 (12.3±4.4 cmH2O/L, P<0.05) was well above levels recorded at T2, reaching its highest value at T5 (15±3.9 cmH2O/L, P<0.05). Variations in ERS, EL, driving pressure (∆P) and trans-pulmonary pressure (∆PL) significantly correlated with changes in IL-6 and MCP-1 plasma concentrations, but not with changes in wedge pressure, fluid amounts, and red blood cells and platelets administered. No correlation was found between changes in cytokine concentrations and ECW. CONCLUSIONS: We found that EL, ECW, ∆P and ∆PL underwent significant variations during the OLT procedure. Further, we documented a significant association between the respiratory mechanics changes and the inflammatory response following liver graft reperfusion.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/231336
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