Discourse on fear and against Europe in FN flyers (2008-2017) Front National identifies in security, national prosperity, national identity, traditional values its main subjects, presenting a discourse based on fears towards all that could represent a threat for French people. Among these threats, apart from the immigrant, its traditional scapegoat, a great attention is paid to globalisation and Europe. This research deals with the analysis of thirteen flyers widespread by FN and by Marine Le Pen on their official website between 2008 and 2017, whose common denominator is the European Union as political and economic responsible for the crisis which overtaxes French people. The goal will be to identify FN discourse on fears and against Europe through visual and linguistic aspects of the flyers as far as referential strategies and argumentative structures are concerned. The theoretical approach concerns political speech, propaganda discourse and political propaganda displayed by flyers. This research would also put into evidence the path which, starting from fear’s instigation and through disillusion about present time, leads to Marine Le Pen, the “patriot” who may recover France from its problems and from EU dependency to allow French citizens to have greater importance. As a consequence, this analysis will show the characteristics by which FN is a popular, nationalist, traditionalist, anti-modern movement although attempts of “dédiabolisation” carried out by Marine Le Pen in formal, but not real, terms.

Discours sur la peur et contre l’Europe dans les tracts du Front National (2008-2017)

Silletti, Alida Maria
2019

Abstract

Discourse on fear and against Europe in FN flyers (2008-2017) Front National identifies in security, national prosperity, national identity, traditional values its main subjects, presenting a discourse based on fears towards all that could represent a threat for French people. Among these threats, apart from the immigrant, its traditional scapegoat, a great attention is paid to globalisation and Europe. This research deals with the analysis of thirteen flyers widespread by FN and by Marine Le Pen on their official website between 2008 and 2017, whose common denominator is the European Union as political and economic responsible for the crisis which overtaxes French people. The goal will be to identify FN discourse on fears and against Europe through visual and linguistic aspects of the flyers as far as referential strategies and argumentative structures are concerned. The theoretical approach concerns political speech, propaganda discourse and political propaganda displayed by flyers. This research would also put into evidence the path which, starting from fear’s instigation and through disillusion about present time, leads to Marine Le Pen, the “patriot” who may recover France from its problems and from EU dependency to allow French citizens to have greater importance. As a consequence, this analysis will show the characteristics by which FN is a popular, nationalist, traditionalist, anti-modern movement although attempts of “dédiabolisation” carried out by Marine Le Pen in formal, but not real, terms.
Notre étude vise à analyser le discours sur la peur et contre l’Europe du FN à partir de treize tracts du mouvement, disponibles sur son site Internet (http://www.frontnational.com/tracts/ ), parus entre 2008 et 2017, caractérisés par le renvoi, depuis leur titre ou leur contenu, à l’Union européenne comme responsable de la situation de crise traversée par la France. Après avoir évoqué les caractéristiques qui font du FN un mouvement populaire, nationaliste, traditionnaliste, antimoderne et anti-créatif (Wieviorka 2013), nous nous appuierons sur la « dédiabolisation » de Marine Le Pen et sur les valeurs défendues par le FN. Une attention particulière sera consacrée au contexte contemporain, caractérisé par l’essor de mouvements anti-européens visant à donner la voix au peuple un peu partout en Europe, y compris en France. Nous présenterons ensuite le cadre théorique, basé sur la parole politique (Lamizet 2015 ; Maingueneau 2002) et plus en détail sur le discours propagandiste et sur la propagande politique (Maingueneau 2015) réalisée via les tracts, qui nous permettra d’aborder l’analyse du corpus. Celle-ci portera sur les aspects visuels et langagiers des tracts pour montrer les stratégies référentielles et les structures argumentatives qui y figurent. Nous nous focaliserons sur les éléments sémio-langagiers par lesquels un « prophète du malheur » (Charaudeau 2015) contribue à créer et accroître le malaise des Français et leurs peurs à l’égard des mesures de l’UE sur la politique, la souveraineté, la société, l’économie, voire l’alimentation. Dans la dernière partie de l’article, nous essaierons de relever le parcours qui, partant de l’instigation de la peur, en passant par la désillusion du présent, aboutit à Marine Le Pen, « patriote » qui peut redresser la France de ses maux et de sa dépendance de l’UE pour redonner la voix aux citoyens français.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/231176
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