Background: The thoracoscopic approach has become a standard procedure in the field of lung resections. However, its advantage in single-lung patients has not yet been well studied. We describe a series of successful thoracoscopic wedge resections in patients presenting with lung cancer after contralateral pneumonectomy.Methods: Eight patients, with a previous pneumonectomy (5 right and 3 left) for lung cancer, underwent resection for a suspicious neoplasm on the remaining lung. All lesions were detected in the asymptomatic phase during regular follow-up after pneumonectomy based on repeated computer tomography (CT). Only single peripheral lesions less than 2 cm were eligible for wedge resection were eligible for surgery. Video-assisted thoracoscopic, margin-free tumor wedge resections, were performed during apnea windows with the lung in a deflated position.Results: All patients were treated by a wedge resections smaller than a single segment. Only one patient needed a mini-thoracotomy conversion to accomplish a safe margin-free resection. Median total surgical operative time was 37 minutes. There were no postoperative deaths, while morbidity was 12.5%.Conclusions: Thoracoscopic surgery represents a feasible surgical option in selected patients after contralateral pneumonectomy, with careful preoperative assessment and using short apnea windows in good collaboration with anesthesiologists. Histological definition, made possible by the surgical-procedure, gives patients the possibility to eventually undergo further targeted therapies. Randomized prospective trials are necessary to assess the best management of peripheral small lung nodules in single-lung patients, in particular to define which patients can benefit from a surgical approach.

Thoracoscopic wedge resection in single-lung patients

Marulli, Giuseppe;
2018

Abstract

Background: The thoracoscopic approach has become a standard procedure in the field of lung resections. However, its advantage in single-lung patients has not yet been well studied. We describe a series of successful thoracoscopic wedge resections in patients presenting with lung cancer after contralateral pneumonectomy.Methods: Eight patients, with a previous pneumonectomy (5 right and 3 left) for lung cancer, underwent resection for a suspicious neoplasm on the remaining lung. All lesions were detected in the asymptomatic phase during regular follow-up after pneumonectomy based on repeated computer tomography (CT). Only single peripheral lesions less than 2 cm were eligible for wedge resection were eligible for surgery. Video-assisted thoracoscopic, margin-free tumor wedge resections, were performed during apnea windows with the lung in a deflated position.Results: All patients were treated by a wedge resections smaller than a single segment. Only one patient needed a mini-thoracotomy conversion to accomplish a safe margin-free resection. Median total surgical operative time was 37 minutes. There were no postoperative deaths, while morbidity was 12.5%.Conclusions: Thoracoscopic surgery represents a feasible surgical option in selected patients after contralateral pneumonectomy, with careful preoperative assessment and using short apnea windows in good collaboration with anesthesiologists. Histological definition, made possible by the surgical-procedure, gives patients the possibility to eventually undergo further targeted therapies. Randomized prospective trials are necessary to assess the best management of peripheral small lung nodules in single-lung patients, in particular to define which patients can benefit from a surgical approach.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/230279
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 1
  • Scopus 1
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 2
social impact