A 4-month-old puppy died after showing intracranial signs a few days after a suspected viral enteritis. Grossly, the right cerebral hemisphere had a large irregular cavity external to the internal capsule. Histopathological examination revealed a cystic lesion in the right hemisphere and non-suppurative inflammation of the diencephalon and periaqueductal nervous tissue. Porencephaly associated with periventricular non-suppurative encephalitis was diagnosed. A nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR) identified the presence of parvovirus DNA in the brain and real-time PCR typed this as canine parvovirus (CPV) type 2a. Immunohistochemistry revealed the presence of CPV antigen in the cytoplasm of scattered cells in the subependymal layers and choroid plexus epithelium. The porencephaly was not associated with inflammatory lesions or CPV antigen and was considered to have preceded the neurological signs. In contrast, the detection of CPV antigen in the subependymal layers and choroid plexus epithelium supported the association of this virus with the periventricular encephalitis.

Porencephaly and Periventricular Encephalitis in a 4-month-old Puppy: Detection of Canine Parvovirus Type 2 and Potential Role in Brain Lesions

Passantino, G.;Decaro, N.;
2019

Abstract

A 4-month-old puppy died after showing intracranial signs a few days after a suspected viral enteritis. Grossly, the right cerebral hemisphere had a large irregular cavity external to the internal capsule. Histopathological examination revealed a cystic lesion in the right hemisphere and non-suppurative inflammation of the diencephalon and periaqueductal nervous tissue. Porencephaly associated with periventricular non-suppurative encephalitis was diagnosed. A nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR) identified the presence of parvovirus DNA in the brain and real-time PCR typed this as canine parvovirus (CPV) type 2a. Immunohistochemistry revealed the presence of CPV antigen in the cytoplasm of scattered cells in the subependymal layers and choroid plexus epithelium. The porencephaly was not associated with inflammatory lesions or CPV antigen and was considered to have preceded the neurological signs. In contrast, the detection of CPV antigen in the subependymal layers and choroid plexus epithelium supported the association of this virus with the periventricular encephalitis.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
1-s2.0-S0021997518305255-main.pdf

non disponibili

Tipologia: Documento in Post-print
Licenza: NON PUBBLICO - Accesso privato/ristretto
Dimensione 555.65 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
555.65 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/230027
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 2
  • Scopus 2
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 2
social impact