The reactivity of the sulfur‐containing nucleoside 4‐thio‐(2'‐deoxy)‐thymidine (S4‐TdR) under Fenton conditions, i.e. in the presence of H2O2 and catalytic amounts of Fe (II), was investigated by UV‐Vis spectroscopy and ElectroSpray Ionization Single and Tandem Mass Spectrometry (ESI‐MS and MS/MS). S4‐TdR hydroxylated on the S atom was found to be a key reaction intermediate, ultimately leading to (2’‐deoxy)‐thymidine (TdR) as the main reaction product. This finding was in accordance with the outcome of the reaction between S4‐TdR and H2O2, previously investigated in our laboratory. On the other hand, the additional presence of •OH radicals, induced by the Fe (II)/H2O2 combination, led to the increased generation of another interesting S4‐TdR product, already observed after its reaction with H2O2 alone, i.e. the covalent dimer including a S‐S bridge between two S4‐TdR molecules. More importantly, multi‐hydroxylated derivatives of S4‐TdR and TdR were detected as peculiar products obtained under Fenton conditions. Among them, a product bearing an OH group both on the methyl group linked to the thymine ring and on the C5 atom of the ring was found to prevail. The results obtained during this study, integrated by those found previously in our laboratory, indicate 4‐thiothymidine as a promising molecular probe for the recognition, through a careful characterization of its reaction products, of the prevailing species among Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) corresponding to singlet‐state oxygen, hydrogen peroxide and hydroxylic radical.

Reactivity of 4‐thiothymidine with Fenton's reagent investigated by UV‐Visible Spectroscopy and ElectroSpray Ionization Mass Spectrometry

Vito Rizzi
Conceptualization
;
Pinalysa Cosma
Data Curation
;
Ramona Abbattista;Paola Fini
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Angela Agostiano
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Tommaso R. I. Cataldi
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Ilario Losito
2019

Abstract

The reactivity of the sulfur‐containing nucleoside 4‐thio‐(2'‐deoxy)‐thymidine (S4‐TdR) under Fenton conditions, i.e. in the presence of H2O2 and catalytic amounts of Fe (II), was investigated by UV‐Vis spectroscopy and ElectroSpray Ionization Single and Tandem Mass Spectrometry (ESI‐MS and MS/MS). S4‐TdR hydroxylated on the S atom was found to be a key reaction intermediate, ultimately leading to (2’‐deoxy)‐thymidine (TdR) as the main reaction product. This finding was in accordance with the outcome of the reaction between S4‐TdR and H2O2, previously investigated in our laboratory. On the other hand, the additional presence of •OH radicals, induced by the Fe (II)/H2O2 combination, led to the increased generation of another interesting S4‐TdR product, already observed after its reaction with H2O2 alone, i.e. the covalent dimer including a S‐S bridge between two S4‐TdR molecules. More importantly, multi‐hydroxylated derivatives of S4‐TdR and TdR were detected as peculiar products obtained under Fenton conditions. Among them, a product bearing an OH group both on the methyl group linked to the thymine ring and on the C5 atom of the ring was found to prevail. The results obtained during this study, integrated by those found previously in our laboratory, indicate 4‐thiothymidine as a promising molecular probe for the recognition, through a careful characterization of its reaction products, of the prevailing species among Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) corresponding to singlet‐state oxygen, hydrogen peroxide and hydroxylic radical.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/228718
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