Canine parvovirus (CPV) is one of the most important cause of mortality in young dogs and no specific treatment exists. Since prolonged leukopenia greatly increases the risk of death in infected pups, strategies to counteract this decline were investigated. The outcomes of CPV naturally infected pups treated with the recombinant canine granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (rcG-CSF), in combination with the routine therapy, were compared with similarly-managed infected pups not treated with rcG-CSF. A non-randomized prospective clinical trial was performed on 62 CPV infected pups with WBC counts <3000 cells/μL and two different groups were selected based on a non-randomized approach. Group A dogs (31/62) received 5 μg/Kg of rcG-CSF daily from the hospitalization day until WBC reached the reference range (3–5 days) and group B (31/62) received 1 ml of placebo injection. All dogs in group A recovered, while five dogs in group B died. The rcG-CSF treatment demonstrated a statistically significant effect on WBC counts (p < 0.0001) and, surprisingly, also on lymphocytes and monocytes counts (p < 0.0001). There was no significant effect of treatment on neutrophil count (p = 0.5502). Although lymphocytes and monocytes are not a specific target for rcG-CSF, our study highlights that rcG-CSF is able to improve haematological parameters compared to untreated dogs and a clear increase in their number was detected, as previously described for humans treated with the homologous molecule.

Use of recombinant canine granulocyte-colony stimulating factor to increase leukocyte count in dogs naturally infected by canine parvovirus

Trerotoli, Paolo;Cirone, Francesco;Pratelli, Annamaria
;
Decaro, Nicola
2019

Abstract

Canine parvovirus (CPV) is one of the most important cause of mortality in young dogs and no specific treatment exists. Since prolonged leukopenia greatly increases the risk of death in infected pups, strategies to counteract this decline were investigated. The outcomes of CPV naturally infected pups treated with the recombinant canine granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (rcG-CSF), in combination with the routine therapy, were compared with similarly-managed infected pups not treated with rcG-CSF. A non-randomized prospective clinical trial was performed on 62 CPV infected pups with WBC counts <3000 cells/μL and two different groups were selected based on a non-randomized approach. Group A dogs (31/62) received 5 μg/Kg of rcG-CSF daily from the hospitalization day until WBC reached the reference range (3–5 days) and group B (31/62) received 1 ml of placebo injection. All dogs in group A recovered, while five dogs in group B died. The rcG-CSF treatment demonstrated a statistically significant effect on WBC counts (p < 0.0001) and, surprisingly, also on lymphocytes and monocytes counts (p < 0.0001). There was no significant effect of treatment on neutrophil count (p = 0.5502). Although lymphocytes and monocytes are not a specific target for rcG-CSF, our study highlights that rcG-CSF is able to improve haematological parameters compared to untreated dogs and a clear increase in their number was detected, as previously described for humans treated with the homologous molecule.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
1-s2.0-S0378113518314962-main.pdf

non disponibili

Tipologia: Documento in Versione Editoriale
Licenza: NON PUBBLICO - Accesso privato/ristretto
Dimensione 308.37 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
308.37 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
VETMIC_2018_preprint.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Documento in Pre-print
Licenza: Creative commons
Dimensione 532.16 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
532.16 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/228709
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 2
  • Scopus 4
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact