Native cyclodextrins (CDs), α-, β- and γ-CDs, were employed to synthetise three diferent cyclodextrin-based polymers using epichlorohydrin (EPI) as a cross-linker. These polymers were applied as adsorbent material to remove an azo textile dye, Direct Blue 78 (DB78), from water. The formation of inclusion complexes between the alone CDs and DB78 molecules were irst studied in aqueous solutions. Then, adsorption experiments of the dye were performed by means of cyclodextrin/epichlorohydrin (CD/EPI) polymers. The efects of various parameters, such as contact time, adsorbent dosage, initial dye concentration, pH and temperature, were examined to determine the beter adsorption conditions. The equilibrium isotherms and the adsorption kinetics were also analysed using opportune mathematic models. The chemical-physical characteristics and the morphology of the adsorbent polymers were, respectively, observed by differential scanning calorimetry and ield emission scanning electron microscope. The CD/EPI polymers showed a very good ability in the removal of DB78 from aqueous solution; indeed, the maximum eiciencies in the dye removal were found to be about 99% for β-CD/EPI polymer and about 97% for γ-CD/EPI polymer, at pH 6 and 25°C conditions. It is possible to assume that the good adsorbent aptitude of CD/EPI polymers is due to their double peculiarity to include the dye in the inner

Removal of an Azo Textile Dye from Wastewater by Cyclodextrin-epichlorohydrin Polymers

Paola Semeraro
Conceptualization
;
Paola Fini
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Vito Rizzi
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Pinalysa Cosma
2018

Abstract

Native cyclodextrins (CDs), α-, β- and γ-CDs, were employed to synthetise three diferent cyclodextrin-based polymers using epichlorohydrin (EPI) as a cross-linker. These polymers were applied as adsorbent material to remove an azo textile dye, Direct Blue 78 (DB78), from water. The formation of inclusion complexes between the alone CDs and DB78 molecules were irst studied in aqueous solutions. Then, adsorption experiments of the dye were performed by means of cyclodextrin/epichlorohydrin (CD/EPI) polymers. The efects of various parameters, such as contact time, adsorbent dosage, initial dye concentration, pH and temperature, were examined to determine the beter adsorption conditions. The equilibrium isotherms and the adsorption kinetics were also analysed using opportune mathematic models. The chemical-physical characteristics and the morphology of the adsorbent polymers were, respectively, observed by differential scanning calorimetry and ield emission scanning electron microscope. The CD/EPI polymers showed a very good ability in the removal of DB78 from aqueous solution; indeed, the maximum eiciencies in the dye removal were found to be about 99% for β-CD/EPI polymer and about 97% for γ-CD/EPI polymer, at pH 6 and 25°C conditions. It is possible to assume that the good adsorbent aptitude of CD/EPI polymers is due to their double peculiarity to include the dye in the inner
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11586/228699
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