From 2013 China promotes the project of a new Silk Road with the aim of transforming a global network of transport in a network of cooperation between China and the countries that will be crossed. According to the Chinese project the new Silk Road will have two directions, "Silk Road Economic Belt" by land, and the "Maritime Silk Road", with the aim of creating a northern corridor of roads and a southern maritime one, for the most direct link between China and Europe. Both routes should help to maintain high growth rates of the Chinese economy and, at the same time, improve the economies of countries crossed in Asia, Africa, Middle East and Europe. For some time, China is investing in strategic infrastructure such as ports and railways located in Asia and Europe to realize this important project. The reasons of the immense economic and political engagement of China are different; by geostrategically, trade relations will also establish those policies ensuring the economic power Asian access to raw materials such as oil, and new markets for their goods or consolidation of existing markets as in the case of relations with Europe. The practical realization of this project of integration between Asia and Europe is going through the conclusion of economic agreements with other countries such as Russia, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan, especially in the energy sector but also technology, banking and infrastructure construction. The nations that have signed agreements with China while it will improve their economic situation, the other caught by the risk of a gradual loss of sovereignty in favor of China's grand strategy to dominate the Silk Road. The work is an analysis of the geo-economic and geo-strategic effects that the project might have on the countries involved.

The geo-economic effects of the New Silk Road

Ivona
2019

Abstract

From 2013 China promotes the project of a new Silk Road with the aim of transforming a global network of transport in a network of cooperation between China and the countries that will be crossed. According to the Chinese project the new Silk Road will have two directions, "Silk Road Economic Belt" by land, and the "Maritime Silk Road", with the aim of creating a northern corridor of roads and a southern maritime one, for the most direct link between China and Europe. Both routes should help to maintain high growth rates of the Chinese economy and, at the same time, improve the economies of countries crossed in Asia, Africa, Middle East and Europe. For some time, China is investing in strategic infrastructure such as ports and railways located in Asia and Europe to realize this important project. The reasons of the immense economic and political engagement of China are different; by geostrategically, trade relations will also establish those policies ensuring the economic power Asian access to raw materials such as oil, and new markets for their goods or consolidation of existing markets as in the case of relations with Europe. The practical realization of this project of integration between Asia and Europe is going through the conclusion of economic agreements with other countries such as Russia, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan, especially in the energy sector but also technology, banking and infrastructure construction. The nations that have signed agreements with China while it will improve their economic situation, the other caught by the risk of a gradual loss of sovereignty in favor of China's grand strategy to dominate the Silk Road. The work is an analysis of the geo-economic and geo-strategic effects that the project might have on the countries involved.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11586/228553
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