Liver fibrosis is accelerated in human immunodeficiency virus/hepatitis C virus (HIV/HCV) coinfected compared with HCV monoinfected patients, due to multiple cofactors. Recently, HLA-B18 haplotype has been associated with short-term liver disease progression in this population. Our aim was to assess the influence of HLA-B18 on the fibrosis process in HIV/HCV coinfected individuals, untreated for HCV, during a long-term follow-up. All consecutive HIV/HCV co-infectedcoinfected patients followed in our center, with positive HCV-RNA and available human leukocyte antigen (HLA) haplotypes (determined by sequence-specific oligonucleotide primed polymerase chain reaction and simple sequence repeats polymerase chain reaction using Luminex Technology) were included. Liver fibrosis progression was assessed by means of fibrosis-4 index for liver fibrosis (FIB-4) and AST to platelet ratio index. The association between FIB-4 score over time and laboratory and clinical parameters, including HLA, was evaluated by univariate and multivariate multilevel generalized linear models. A total of 29 out of 148 screened patients were excluded because of spontaneous HCV clearance (27% were HLA-B18+). Among the remaining 119 individuals (82% males; median age at first visit = 30 years [interquartile range, IQR, 26-35]; median follow-up = 21.5 years [IQR, 15-25]), 26% were HLA-B18+. No baseline differences were evidenced between HLA-B18+ and B18− patients. Fibrosis progression was significantly faster in HLA-B18+ than in HLA-B18− patients (P < 0.001) (Figure 1). At univariate analysis, age (P < 0.001), HLA-B18 haplotype (P = 0.02) and HIV-RNA viral load overtime (P < 0.001) were associated with liver disease progression. At multivariate analysis, only age (P < 0.001) remained independently associated with liver fibrosis progression. Our data suggest a possible association between HLA-B18 and an accelerated liver fibrosis in HIV/HCV coinfected with a long-term follow-up.

Influence of HLA-B18 on liver fibrosis progression in a cohort of HIV/HCV coinfected individuals

Bavaro, Davide Fiore;Saracino, Annalisa;Fiordelisi, Deborah;Monno, Laura;Angarano, Gioacchino
2019

Abstract

Liver fibrosis is accelerated in human immunodeficiency virus/hepatitis C virus (HIV/HCV) coinfected compared with HCV monoinfected patients, due to multiple cofactors. Recently, HLA-B18 haplotype has been associated with short-term liver disease progression in this population. Our aim was to assess the influence of HLA-B18 on the fibrosis process in HIV/HCV coinfected individuals, untreated for HCV, during a long-term follow-up. All consecutive HIV/HCV co-infectedcoinfected patients followed in our center, with positive HCV-RNA and available human leukocyte antigen (HLA) haplotypes (determined by sequence-specific oligonucleotide primed polymerase chain reaction and simple sequence repeats polymerase chain reaction using Luminex Technology) were included. Liver fibrosis progression was assessed by means of fibrosis-4 index for liver fibrosis (FIB-4) and AST to platelet ratio index. The association between FIB-4 score over time and laboratory and clinical parameters, including HLA, was evaluated by univariate and multivariate multilevel generalized linear models. A total of 29 out of 148 screened patients were excluded because of spontaneous HCV clearance (27% were HLA-B18+). Among the remaining 119 individuals (82% males; median age at first visit = 30 years [interquartile range, IQR, 26-35]; median follow-up = 21.5 years [IQR, 15-25]), 26% were HLA-B18+. No baseline differences were evidenced between HLA-B18+ and B18− patients. Fibrosis progression was significantly faster in HLA-B18+ than in HLA-B18− patients (P < 0.001) (Figure 1). At univariate analysis, age (P < 0.001), HLA-B18 haplotype (P = 0.02) and HIV-RNA viral load overtime (P < 0.001) were associated with liver disease progression. At multivariate analysis, only age (P < 0.001) remained independently associated with liver fibrosis progression. Our data suggest a possible association between HLA-B18 and an accelerated liver fibrosis in HIV/HCV coinfected with a long-term follow-up.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/228396
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