The surface chemistry of colloidal cesium lead bromide (CsPbBr 3 ) nanocrystals is decisive in determining the stability and the final morphology of this class of materials, characterized by ionic structure and a high defect tolerance factor. Here, the high sensitivity of purified colloidal nanocubes of CsPbBr 3 to diverse environmental condition (solvent dilution, ageing, ligands post synthetic treatment) in ambient atmosphere is investigated by means of a comprehensive morphological (electron microscopy), structural (θ/2θ X-ray diffraction (XRD) and grazing incidence wide angle scattering (GIWAXS)), and spectroscopic chemical ( 1 H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), nuclear Overhauser effect spectroscopy (NOESY), absorption and emission spectroscopy) characterization. The aging and solvent dilution contribute to modify the nanocrystal morphology, due to a modification of the ligand dynamic. Moreover, we establish the ability of aliphatic carboxylic acids and alkyl amines ligands to induce, even in a post preparative process at room temperature, structural, morphological and spectroscopic variations. Upon post synthesis alkyl amine addition, in particular of oleyl amine and octyl amine, the highly green emitting CsPbBr 3 nanocubes effectively turn into one-dimensional (1D) thin tetragonal nanowires or lead halide deficient rhombohedral zero-dimensional (0D) Cs 4 PbBr 6 structures with a complete loss of fluorescence. The addition of an alkyl carboxylic acid, as oleic and nonanoic acid, produces the transformation of nanocubes into still emitting orthorombic two-dimensional (2D) nanoplates. The acid/base equilibrium between the native and added ligands, the adsorbed/free ligands dynamic in solution and the ligand solubility in non-polar solvent contribute to render CsPbBr 3 particularly sensitive to environmental and processing conditions and, therefore prone to undergo to structural, morphological and, hence spectroscopic, transformations.

Post-synthesis phase and shape evolution of CsPbBr3 colloidal nanocrystals: The role of ligands

Fanizza, Elisabetta;Triggiani, Leonardo;Agostiano, Angela;Curri, M. Lucia;
2019

Abstract

The surface chemistry of colloidal cesium lead bromide (CsPbBr 3 ) nanocrystals is decisive in determining the stability and the final morphology of this class of materials, characterized by ionic structure and a high defect tolerance factor. Here, the high sensitivity of purified colloidal nanocubes of CsPbBr 3 to diverse environmental condition (solvent dilution, ageing, ligands post synthetic treatment) in ambient atmosphere is investigated by means of a comprehensive morphological (electron microscopy), structural (θ/2θ X-ray diffraction (XRD) and grazing incidence wide angle scattering (GIWAXS)), and spectroscopic chemical ( 1 H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), nuclear Overhauser effect spectroscopy (NOESY), absorption and emission spectroscopy) characterization. The aging and solvent dilution contribute to modify the nanocrystal morphology, due to a modification of the ligand dynamic. Moreover, we establish the ability of aliphatic carboxylic acids and alkyl amines ligands to induce, even in a post preparative process at room temperature, structural, morphological and spectroscopic variations. Upon post synthesis alkyl amine addition, in particular of oleyl amine and octyl amine, the highly green emitting CsPbBr 3 nanocubes effectively turn into one-dimensional (1D) thin tetragonal nanowires or lead halide deficient rhombohedral zero-dimensional (0D) Cs 4 PbBr 6 structures with a complete loss of fluorescence. The addition of an alkyl carboxylic acid, as oleic and nonanoic acid, produces the transformation of nanocubes into still emitting orthorombic two-dimensional (2D) nanoplates. The acid/base equilibrium between the native and added ligands, the adsorbed/free ligands dynamic in solution and the ligand solubility in non-polar solvent contribute to render CsPbBr 3 particularly sensitive to environmental and processing conditions and, therefore prone to undergo to structural, morphological and, hence spectroscopic, transformations.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/228345
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