The link between inflammatory microenvironment and cancer emerged in the last years as a decisive factor in the induction of the pathological epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). The EMT induces changes of cell states converting the epithelial cells to mesenchymal cells when this program is fully executed and EMT has emerged as a central driver of tumor malignancy. Cellular pathways activated by chronic inflammation brought about by chronic infections, by immune-mediated diseases, or by dysregulated wound healing at sites of repetitive tissue injury, constitute risk factors or initial cell transformation and for cancer progression. EMT and its intermediate states have recently been identified as crucial inducers of organ fibrosis, inflammation and tumor progression. In this review, we discuss the current state-of-the-art and latest findings regarding the link between EMT, inflammation, fibrosis and cancer, highlighting the most recent data on EMT-dependent tissue fibrosis during chronic inflammatory salivary glands conditions and salivary glands tumors.

The role of the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in diseases of the salivary glands

Sisto, Margherita;Lisi, Sabrina;Ribatti, Domenico
2018

Abstract

The link between inflammatory microenvironment and cancer emerged in the last years as a decisive factor in the induction of the pathological epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). The EMT induces changes of cell states converting the epithelial cells to mesenchymal cells when this program is fully executed and EMT has emerged as a central driver of tumor malignancy. Cellular pathways activated by chronic inflammation brought about by chronic infections, by immune-mediated diseases, or by dysregulated wound healing at sites of repetitive tissue injury, constitute risk factors or initial cell transformation and for cancer progression. EMT and its intermediate states have recently been identified as crucial inducers of organ fibrosis, inflammation and tumor progression. In this review, we discuss the current state-of-the-art and latest findings regarding the link between EMT, inflammation, fibrosis and cancer, highlighting the most recent data on EMT-dependent tissue fibrosis during chronic inflammatory salivary glands conditions and salivary glands tumors.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/227983
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