Myofibroblasts, specialized fibroblasts expressing the protein alpha-smooth muscle actin, are instrumental in wound contraction during normal wound healing. Tissue shortening is then stabilized by the synthesis of extracellular matrix, collagen in particular. Alpha-smooth muscle actin within myofibroblasts becomes organized in filamentous bundles, called stress fibers, that allow the retractile movement producing wound contraction. During hypertrophic scarring, skin deformations depend on the inappropriate action of these stress fibers that for unknown reasons persist even after the epithelialization of the wound. This historical review article is dedicated to the reconstruction of the discovery of this cell by the Italian scientist Giulio Gabbiani.
|Titolo:||Giulio Gabbiani and the discovery of myofibroblasts|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|