This article reports new, easy, and rapid microextraction by packed sorbent (MEPS)–ultra high performance liquid chromatography with photodiode array detection for the simultaneous determination in bovine urine, serum, and milk of three antibiotics belonging to the class of the fluoroquinolones, namely ciprofloxacin, enrofloxacin, and marbofloxacin, approved for veterinary and human use (ciprofloxacin). The chromatographic separation of the analytes and all aspects influencing the MEPS performance were optimized for the extraction from the considered biological samples. The optimized procedure required simple sample pretreatment, a short (<8 min) isocratic elution, and provided sufficient sensitivity for the determination of the analytes at trace levels in compliance with current legislation. Limits of quantitation were in the range from 0.002 (ciprofloxacin, urine) to 0.048 μg/mL (enrofloxacin, milk). Recoveries from 79% (enrofloxacin, milk) to 88% (ciprofloxacin, urine/serum) were obtained on spiked samples. The within-day (n = 6) and between-day (n = 6 over 3 days) relative standard deviation percentages in bovine urine, serum, and milk samples ranged from 2.2 (ciprofloxacin, urine) to 2.5 (enrofloxacin, serum) and from 3.1 (ciprofloxacin, urine) to 3.7 (enrofloxacin, milk), respectively, and were not concentration dependent. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study describing a fast and simple method for the determination of fluoroquinolones in bovine biological samples.
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|Titolo:||Determination of Ciprofloxacin, Enrofloxacin, and Marbofloxacin in Bovine Urine, Serum, and Milk by Microextraction by a Packed Sorbent Coupled to Ultra-High Performance Liquid Chromatography|
ARESTA, Antonella Maria (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|