Many epigenetically inactivated genes involved in ovarian cancer (OC) development and progression remain to be identified. In this study we undertook an integrated approach that consisted of identification of genome-wide expression patterns of primary OC samples and normal ovarian surface epithelium along with a pharmacologic unmasking strategy using 3 OC and 3 immortalized normal ovarian epithelial cell lines. Our filtering scheme identified 43 OC specific methylated genes and among the 5 top candidates (GULP1, CLIP4, BAMBI, NT5E, TGFβ2), we performed extended studies of GULP1. In a training set, we identified GULP1 methylation in 21/61 (34%) of cases with 100% specificity. In an independent cohort, the observed methylation was 40% (146/365) in OC, 12.5% (2/16) in borderline tumors, 11% (2/18) in cystadenoma and 0% (0/13) in normal ovarian epithelium samples. GULP1 methylation was associated with clinicopathological parameters such as stage III/IV (p = 0.001), poorly differentiated grade (p = 0.033), residual disease (p < 0.0003), worse overall (p = 0.02) and disease specific survival (p = 0.01). Depletion of GULP1 in OC cells led to increased pro-survival signaling, inducing survival and colony formation, whereas reconstitution of GULP1 negated these effects, suggesting that GULP1 is required for maintaining cellular growth control.

Integrated transcriptomic and epigenomic analysis of ovarian cancer reveals epigenetically silenced GULP1

Poeta, Maria Luana;
2018

Abstract

Many epigenetically inactivated genes involved in ovarian cancer (OC) development and progression remain to be identified. In this study we undertook an integrated approach that consisted of identification of genome-wide expression patterns of primary OC samples and normal ovarian surface epithelium along with a pharmacologic unmasking strategy using 3 OC and 3 immortalized normal ovarian epithelial cell lines. Our filtering scheme identified 43 OC specific methylated genes and among the 5 top candidates (GULP1, CLIP4, BAMBI, NT5E, TGFβ2), we performed extended studies of GULP1. In a training set, we identified GULP1 methylation in 21/61 (34%) of cases with 100% specificity. In an independent cohort, the observed methylation was 40% (146/365) in OC, 12.5% (2/16) in borderline tumors, 11% (2/18) in cystadenoma and 0% (0/13) in normal ovarian epithelium samples. GULP1 methylation was associated with clinicopathological parameters such as stage III/IV (p = 0.001), poorly differentiated grade (p = 0.033), residual disease (p < 0.0003), worse overall (p = 0.02) and disease specific survival (p = 0.01). Depletion of GULP1 in OC cells led to increased pro-survival signaling, inducing survival and colony formation, whereas reconstitution of GULP1 negated these effects, suggesting that GULP1 is required for maintaining cellular growth control.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/227514
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