Cancer stem cells (CSCs) in colorectal tumorigenesis are suggested to be responsible for initiation, development and propagation of colorectal cancer (CRC) and have been extensively characterized by the expression of phenotypic determinants, such as surface or intracellular proteins. The generation of CSCs is likely due to a dysregulation of the signaling pathways that principally control self-renewal and pluripotency in normal intestinal stem cells (ISCs) through different (epi)genetic changes that define cell fate, identity, and phenotype of CSCs. These aspects are currently under intense investigation. In the framework of the oncogenic signaling pathways controlled by microRNAs (miRNAs) during CRC development, a plethora of data suggests that miRNAs can play a key role in several regulatory pathways involving CSCs biology, epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), angiogenesis, metastatization, and pharmacoresistance. This review examines the most relevant evidences about the role of miRNAs in the etiology of CRC, through the regulation of colon CSCs and the principal differences between colorectal CSCs and benign stem cells. In this perspective, the utility of the principal CSCs-related miRNAs changes is explored, emphasizing their use as potential biomarkers to aid in diagnosis, prognosis and predicting response to therapy in CRC patients, but also as promising targets for more effective and personalized anti-CRC treatments.
Scheda prodotto non validato
Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo
|Titolo:||Current understanding and clinical utility of miRNAs regulation of colon cancer stem cells|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.2 Recensione in rivista|