RNA interference (RNAi) is a sequence identity-dependent RNA degradation mechanism conserved in eukaryotic organisms. One of the roles of RNAi is as a defense system against viral infections, which has been demonstrated in filamentous fungi but not in oomycetes. We investigated the virus-RNAi interplay in the oomycete Phytophthora infestans using a crucifer-infecting strain of the plant virus tobacco mosaic virus (TMVcr) and its derivative TMVcr-Δ122 that is mutated in the sequence of the p122 replicase subunit and thus inhibited in RNA suppression activity. In this study we provide evidence that replication of TMVcr-Δ122 but not of TMVcr was impaired in P. infestans as well as in tobacco plants used as positive control. The interference was associated with induction of high transcription of dicer-like genes Pidcl2 and NtDCL2 and of RNA-dependent-RNA-polymerase Pirdr1 and NtRDR1 in P. infestans and tobacco, respectively. These high transcription levels suggest an RNAi-based response that TMVcr-Δ122 mutant was not able to suppress. Taken altogether, results of this study demonstrated that an antiviral silencing activity operates also in P. infestans and that a plant virus could be a simple and feasible tool for functional studies also in oomycetes.
|Titolo:||Tobacco mosaic virus infection triggers an RNAi-based response in Phytophthora infestans|
MASCIA, TIZIANA [Methodology] (Corresponding)
LABARILE, ROSSELLA [Methodology]
GALLITELLI, Donato [Writing – Original Draft Preparation]
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|