Under Mediterranean type climates, a sustainable soil management aimed at increasing soil organic carbon and microbiological diversity is of key importance. The aim of this study was to characterize and compare soils from a mature Mediterranean olive (Olea europaea L.) orchard subjected to two different soil management systems (sustainable, Smng, and conventional, Cmng) for 18 years. Composite soil samples were analyzed qualitatively (pedological determinations) and quantitatively (soil C, N and pH). Bacterial metabolic activity and diversity were evaluated spectrophometrically by the Biolog® assay, while 16S-based metagenomics analysis was used to analyse the abundance of N-cycling bacteria. From the general analysis of the data obtained by the study of soil profiles and litter, C and N dynamics, and the genetic and functional diversity of soil bacteria, it emerged that the Smng system caused an improvement in soil organic matter in the topsoil layers, compared to the Cmng system, with consequent increases in the abundance of soil N-cycling bacteria but without affecting the indices related to total bacterial metabolic activity and diversity. The results obtained could promote the development of new approaches for optimizing soil carbon cycling, managing nutrient transport, and sustaining and improving olive yield and quality.

The metabolic and genetic diversity of soil bacterial communities depends on the soil management system and C/N dynamics: The case of sustainable and conventional olive groves

Ricciuti P.;Crecchio C.;Malerba A. D.;
2019

Abstract

Under Mediterranean type climates, a sustainable soil management aimed at increasing soil organic carbon and microbiological diversity is of key importance. The aim of this study was to characterize and compare soils from a mature Mediterranean olive (Olea europaea L.) orchard subjected to two different soil management systems (sustainable, Smng, and conventional, Cmng) for 18 years. Composite soil samples were analyzed qualitatively (pedological determinations) and quantitatively (soil C, N and pH). Bacterial metabolic activity and diversity were evaluated spectrophometrically by the Biolog® assay, while 16S-based metagenomics analysis was used to analyse the abundance of N-cycling bacteria. From the general analysis of the data obtained by the study of soil profiles and litter, C and N dynamics, and the genetic and functional diversity of soil bacteria, it emerged that the Smng system caused an improvement in soil organic matter in the topsoil layers, compared to the Cmng system, with consequent increases in the abundance of soil N-cycling bacteria but without affecting the indices related to total bacterial metabolic activity and diversity. The results obtained could promote the development of new approaches for optimizing soil carbon cycling, managing nutrient transport, and sustaining and improving olive yield and quality.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/226808
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