Several mobile phase additives (i.e., organic acids and their ammonium salts) were used to modulate the chromatographic retention of cyanocobalamin and its cis-diaminemonochloroplatinum(II) conjugate, depending on the specific nature of the stationary phase. Regardless of the mobile phase additive, the positively charged cyanocobalamin-cis-diaminemonochloroplatinum(II) conjugate was systematically less retained than cyanocobalamin on a conventional octadecyl-silica column. In contrast, the amide-embedded C18 column exhibited a progressive increase in the conjugate retention time upon changing the mobile phase additive from organic (acetic, formic and trifluoroacetic) acids to ammonium salts, ultimately leading to an inversion of the elution order. This change of retention was interpreted by invoking the interplay between hydrophobic interactions, hydrogen bonding between the conjugate and the polar amide groups and the ion-pairing ability of the lyophilic counterions, whereby the acetate anion was found to be the most suitable to control the solute retention.

Effect of pH and mobile phase additives on the chromatographic behaviour of an amide-embedded stationary phase: Cyanocobalamin and its diaminemonochloro-platinum(II) conjugate as a case study

Ventura, Giovanni;Calvano, Cosima Damiana;Losito, Ilario;Palmisano, Francesco;Cataldi, Tommaso R. I.
2019

Abstract

Several mobile phase additives (i.e., organic acids and their ammonium salts) were used to modulate the chromatographic retention of cyanocobalamin and its cis-diaminemonochloroplatinum(II) conjugate, depending on the specific nature of the stationary phase. Regardless of the mobile phase additive, the positively charged cyanocobalamin-cis-diaminemonochloroplatinum(II) conjugate was systematically less retained than cyanocobalamin on a conventional octadecyl-silica column. In contrast, the amide-embedded C18 column exhibited a progressive increase in the conjugate retention time upon changing the mobile phase additive from organic (acetic, formic and trifluoroacetic) acids to ammonium salts, ultimately leading to an inversion of the elution order. This change of retention was interpreted by invoking the interplay between hydrophobic interactions, hydrogen bonding between the conjugate and the polar amide groups and the ion-pairing ability of the lyophilic counterions, whereby the acetate anion was found to be the most suitable to control the solute retention.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11586/226063
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