LPS-induced sepsis is a leading cause of acute kidney injury (AKI) in critically ill patients. LPS may induce CD80 expression in podocytes with subsequent onset of proteinuria, a risk factor for progressive chronic kidney disease (CKD) frequently observed after AKI. This study aimed to investigate the therapeutic efficacy of LPS removal in decreasing albuminuria through the reduction of podocyte CD80 expression. Between January 2015 and December 2017, 70 consecutive patients with Gram-negative sepsis-induced AKI were randomised to either have Coupled Plasma Filtration and Adsorption (CPFA) added to the standard care (n=35) or not (n=35). To elucidate the possible relationship between LPS-induced renal damage, proteinuria and CD80 expression in Gram- sepsis, a swine model of LPS-induced AKI was set up. 3-hours after LPS infusion, animals were treated or not with CPFA for 6-hours. Treatment with CPFA significantly reduced serum cytokines, CRP, procalcitonin and endotoxin levels in patients with Gram-negative sepsis-induced AKI. CPFA significantly lowered also proteinuria and CD80 urinary excretion. In the swine model of LPS-induced AKI, CD80 glomerular expression, which was undetectable in control pigs, was markedly increased at the podocyte level in LPS-exposed animals. CPFA significantly reduced LPS-induced proteinuria and podocyte CD80 expression in septic pigs. Our data indicate that LPS induces albuminuria via podocyte expression of CD80 and suggest a possible role of timely LPS removal in preventing the maladaptive repair of the podocytes and the consequent increased risk of CKD in sepsis-induced AKI.
|Titolo:||LPS REMOVAL REDUCES CD80-MEDIATED ALBUMINURIA IN CRITICALLY ILL PATIENTS WITH GRAM-NEGATIVE SEPSIS|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|