The paper examines the problem of the patentability of medical and non-medical human enhancement technologies (hereinafter HETs) from an internal, communitarian and international law perspective. After having carried out a brief reconnaissance of the taxonomy of the different types of ICT and BCI implants, the study goes on with the identification of the cardinal points that will guide the research in its subsequent developments, pointing out which reference ethical substratum is human rights, rather that religion or politics. It will then develop the examination of the patentability of HETs devices, drawing a distinction between medical and non-medical ones, in light of the TRIPs Agreement (Art. 27), of the Communitarian discipline and of the Italian IPC, formulating working hypotheses about the principle of lawfulness that integrate the innovative perspective based on human rights with the principles of public order and morality, as well as with the principle of human dignity more recently added by the Italian legislator in the regulation of biotechnological inventions. CONTENTS: 1. Introduction. – 2. Ethical concerns: an approach based on the system of human-rights. – 3. Legal framework, general principles and issues under TRIPs Agreements (Art. 27). – 4. Issues under the European legal framework. – 5. Issues under Art. 81-quinqies IPC and the principle of human dignity. – 6. Conclusion.
|Titolo:||ICT implants and Brain-Computer Interfaces: Legal Issues in the EU Framework|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|