Urinary tract infection (UTI) represents the most common infection after kidney transplantation; it is associated with an increased risk for acute kidney rejection and impaired graft function in the early post-transplant period. Kidney transplant recipients with UTIs are often clinically asymptomatic due to the immunosuppressive therapy; however, asymptomatic bacteriuria may progress to acute pyelonephritis, bacteremia and urosepsis, particularly in the early post-transplant period, that are independent risk factors for short and long-term graft and patient survival. This article reviews the definitions, incidence, risk factors and the management of UTI in kidney transplant recipients; furthermore, the main controversial and still unanswered questions, regarding the causes of recurrent UTIs, adequate use of antibiotics to avoid antibiotic resistance, dosing and timing for prophylaxis and treatment of symptomatic infections, are also discussed. The emerging definition of urinary microbiota introduces new concepts in understanding the complexity of the disease and might represent the future target for therapeutic interventions.

Updates on urinary tract infections in kidney transplantation

Fiorentino, Marco;Pesce, Francesco;Simone, Simona;Castellano, Giuseppe;Gesualdo, Loreto
2019

Abstract

Urinary tract infection (UTI) represents the most common infection after kidney transplantation; it is associated with an increased risk for acute kidney rejection and impaired graft function in the early post-transplant period. Kidney transplant recipients with UTIs are often clinically asymptomatic due to the immunosuppressive therapy; however, asymptomatic bacteriuria may progress to acute pyelonephritis, bacteremia and urosepsis, particularly in the early post-transplant period, that are independent risk factors for short and long-term graft and patient survival. This article reviews the definitions, incidence, risk factors and the management of UTI in kidney transplant recipients; furthermore, the main controversial and still unanswered questions, regarding the causes of recurrent UTIs, adequate use of antibiotics to avoid antibiotic resistance, dosing and timing for prophylaxis and treatment of symptomatic infections, are also discussed. The emerging definition of urinary microbiota introduces new concepts in understanding the complexity of the disease and might represent the future target for therapeutic interventions.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/225868
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 26
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 22
social impact