The Atesina Volcanic District, the Monte Luco volcanics, and the Cima d'Asta, Bressanone-Chiusa, Ivigna, Monte Croce and Monte Sabion intrusions, in the central-eastern Southern Alps, form a wide calc-alkaline association of Permian age (ca. 280-260 Ma). The magmatism originated during a period of post-orogenic extensional/transtensional faulting which controlled the magma ascent and emplacement. The magmatic products are represented by a continuum spectrum of rock types ranging from basaltic andesites to rhyolites, and from gabbros to monzogranites, with preponderance of the acidic terms. They constitute a metaluminous to weakly peraluminous series showing mineralogical, petrographic and chemical characteristics distinctive of the high-K calc-alkaline suites. In the MORB-normalized trace element diagrams, the most primitive volcanic and plutonic rocks (basaltic andesites and gabbros with Mg No. = 66 to 70; Ni = 25 to 83 ppm; Cr = 248 to 679 ppm) show LILE and LREE enriched patterns with troughs at Nb-Ta and Ti, a distinctive feature of subduction-related magmas. Field, petrographic, geochemical and isotopic evidence (initial Sr-87/Sr-86 ratios from 0.7057 to 0.7114; epsilon(Nd) values from -2.7 to -7.4; partial derivative(18)O values between 7.6 and 9.5 parts per thousand) support a hybrid nature for both volcanic and plutonic rocks, originating through complex interactions between mantle-derived magmas and crustal materials. Only the scanty andalusite-cordierite and orthopyroxene-cordierite bearing peraluminous granites in the Cima d'Asta and Bressanone-Chiusa Sr-87/Sr-86 = 0.7143-0.7167; initial epsilon(Nd) values intrusive complexes can be interpreted as purely crustal melts (initial between -7.9 and -9.6, close to average composition of the granulitic metasedimentary crust from the Ivrea Zone in the western Southern Alps). Although the Permian magmatism shows geochemical characteristics similar to those of are-related suites, palaeogeographic restorations, and geological and tectonic evidence, seem not to support any spatial and/or temporal connection with subduction processes. The magmatism is post-collisional and post-orogenic, and originated in a regime of lithospheric extension and attenuation affecting the whole domain of the European Hercynian belt. A change in the convergence direction between Gondwana and Laurasia, combined with the effects of gravitational collapse of the Hercynian chain, could have been the driving mechanism for lithosphere extension and thinning, as well as for upwelling of hot asthenosphere that caused thermal perturbation and magma generation. In the above context, the calc-alkaline affinity and the orogenic-like signature of the Permian magmatism might result from extensive contamination of basaltic magmas, likely derived from enriched lithospheric mantle source(s), with felsic crustal melts. (C) 1998 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
Origin and significance of the Permian high-K calc-alkaline magmatism in the central-eastern Southern Alps, Italy RID A-1229-2011 / Rottura A; Bargossi GM; Caggianelli A; Del Moro A; Visona D; Tranne CA. - In: LITHOS. - ISSN 0024-4937. - 45:1-4(1998), pp. 329-348.