The maximal strength training implies the greatest possible activation of the central nervous system, improving inter and intramuscular coordination and causing considerable benefits recognized by the international scientific community. It is well known that the pyramidal training can give powerful performance results thanks to a progressive increase in the load. However, there are different traditional methods to strength training and all have already been successfully tested. PURPOSE: This randomized controlled trial study design with experimenter blinding aimed to compare the effects of an 8-week training period of a Mixed-Methods Strength Training (MST) or Pyramidal Training (PT) on maximal strength performance in weightlifting athletes. METHODS: Study participants (20 men, age: 23.9 ± 2.05 years, body mass: 75.6 ± 9.45 kg, height: 1.77 ± 0.05 m, body mass index: 24.09 ± 2.46 kg·m-2) were assigned to the MST group (n = 10) performed strength training with maximal loads (80-95% of 1RM, 3-min rest) for two sessions per week interspersed with a pyramidal training session (90-sec rest), and PT group (n = 10) performed pyramidal training alone (90-sec rest) for three sessions per week. Both groups trained for 8 weeks using a 3:1 loading structure. Measures pre-intervention and post-intervention included one- repetition maximum [1-RM] bench press, barbell deadlifts, lat pull-down, and standing barbell military press. Repeated-measures ANOVA and a paired t-test were used to assess differences in outcome variables across conditions (p < 0.05) RESULTS: The MST group showed significantly greater improvements than PT in bench press (13.1 ± 0.91 vs. 3.7 ± 0.47 kg, p < 0.0001), barbell deadlifts (19.3 ± 1.27 vs. 5.3 ± 0.97 kg, p < 0.0001), lat pull-down (17.2 ± 1.72 vs. 2.8 ± 0.79 kg, p < 0.0001), and standing barbell military press (13.1 ± 1.54 vs. 1.9 ± 0.59 kg, p < 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that a Mixed-Methods Strength Training characterized by two sessions with maximal loads interspersed with a pyramidal training session may be more effective than the pyramidal training alone for enhancing the maximal strength in weightlifting athletes. It could therefore be considered a valid and motivating alternative to the traditional strength training methods.
|Titolo:||Effects of an 8-week Mixed-Methods Strength Training on Maximal Strength of Weightlifting Athletes.|
GRECO, GIANPIERO (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.5 Abstract in rivista|