A cDNA of 312 bp, similar to polygalacturonase-inhibiting pro- teins (PGIPs), was isolated by cDNA-amplified fragment length polymorphism (cDNA-AFLP) from pea roots infected with the cyst nematode Heterodera goettingiana. The deduced amino acid sequence obtained from the complete Pspgip1 coding sequence was very similar to PGIPs described from several other plant species, and was identical in both MG103738 and Progress 9 genotypes, resistant and susceptible to H. goettingiana, respec- tively. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) expression analysis revealed the differential regulation of the Pspgip1 gene in the two genotypes in response to wounding and nematode challenge. Mechanical wounding induced Pspgip1 expression in MG103738 within 8 h, but this response was delayed in Progress 9. In contrast, the response to nematode infection was more complex. The transcription of Pspgip1 was triggered rapidly in both genotypes, but the expression level returned to levels observed in uninfected plants more quickly in susceptible than in resistant roots. In addition, in situ hybridiza- tion showed that Pspgip1 was expressed in the cortical cells damaged as a result of nematode invasion in both genotypes. However, it was specifically localized in the cells bordering the nematode-induced syncytia in resistant roots. This suggests a role for this gene in counteracting nematode establishment inside the root.

A polygalacturonase-inhibiting protein with a role in pea defence against the cyst nematode Heterodera goettingiana

PICARDI, ERNESTO;
2011

Abstract

A cDNA of 312 bp, similar to polygalacturonase-inhibiting pro- teins (PGIPs), was isolated by cDNA-amplified fragment length polymorphism (cDNA-AFLP) from pea roots infected with the cyst nematode Heterodera goettingiana. The deduced amino acid sequence obtained from the complete Pspgip1 coding sequence was very similar to PGIPs described from several other plant species, and was identical in both MG103738 and Progress 9 genotypes, resistant and susceptible to H. goettingiana, respec- tively. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) expression analysis revealed the differential regulation of the Pspgip1 gene in the two genotypes in response to wounding and nematode challenge. Mechanical wounding induced Pspgip1 expression in MG103738 within 8 h, but this response was delayed in Progress 9. In contrast, the response to nematode infection was more complex. The transcription of Pspgip1 was triggered rapidly in both genotypes, but the expression level returned to levels observed in uninfected plants more quickly in susceptible than in resistant roots. In addition, in situ hybridiza- tion showed that Pspgip1 was expressed in the cortical cells damaged as a result of nematode invasion in both genotypes. However, it was specifically localized in the cells bordering the nematode-induced syncytia in resistant roots. This suggests a role for this gene in counteracting nematode establishment inside the root.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/22439
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