BackgroundImmunological non-response (INR) despite virological suppression is associated with AIDS-defining events/death (ADE). Little is known about its association with serious non-AIDS-defining events (nADE).MethodsPatients highly-active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) with <200 CD4+/mu l and achieving HIV-RNA <50 copies/ml within 12 (+/- 3) months were categorized as INR if CD4+ T-cell count at year 1 was <200/mu l. Predictors of nADE (malignancies, severe infections, renal failure-ie, estimated glomerular filtration rate <30 ml/min, cardiovascular events and liver decompensation) were assessed using multivariable Cox models. Follow-up was right-censored in case of HAART discontinuation or confirmed HIV-RNA>50.Results1221 patients were observed for a median of 3 (IQR: 1.3-6.1) years. Pre-HAART CD4+ were 77/mu l (IQR: 28-142) and 56% of patients had experienced an ADE. After 1 year, CD4+ increased to 286 (IQR: 197-387), but 26.1% of patients were INR. Thereafter, 86 nADE (30.2% malignancies, 27.9% infectious, 17.4% renal, 17.4% cardiovascular, 7% hepatic) were observed, accounting for an incidence of 1.83 events (95% CI: 1.73-2.61) per 100 PYFU. After adjusting for measurable confounders, INR had a significantly greater risk of nADE (HR 1.65; 95% CI: 1.06-2.56). Older age (per year, HR 1.03; 95% CI: 1.01-1.05), hepatitis C co-infection (HR 2.09; 95% CI: 1.19-3.7), a history of previous nADE (HR 2.16; 95% CI: 1.06-4.4) and the occurrence of ADE during the follow-up (HR 2.2; 95% CI: 1.15-4.21) were other independent predictors of newly diagnosed nADE.ConclusionsPatients failing to restore CD4+ to >200 cells/mu l run a greater risk of serious nADE, which is intertwined or predicted by AIDS progression. Improved management of this fragile population and innovative therapy able to induce immune-reconstitution are urgently needed. Also, our results strengthen the importance of earlier diagnosis and HAART introduction.
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|Titolo:||Risk of severe non AIDS events is increased among patients unable to increase their CD4 + T-cell counts >200+/μl despite effective HAART|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|