Background: Confirmed Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) progression occurring after a fixed-study entry baseline is a common measure of disability increase in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) studies but may not detect all disability progression events, especially those unrelated to overt relapses. Objective: To evaluate possible measures of disability progression unrelated to relapse using EDSS data over ≈5.5 years from the Tysabri®Observational Program (TOP). Methods: TOP is an ongoing, prospective, open-label study in RRMS patients receiving intravenous 300 mg natalizumab every 4 weeks. Measures of increasing disability were assessed using as a reference either study baseline score or a “roving” system that resets the reference score after ⩾24- or ⩾48-week confirmation of a new score. Results: This analysis included 5562 patients. Approximately 70% more EDSS progression events unrelated to relapse and 50% more EDSS worsening events overall were detected with a roving reference score (cumulative probability: 17.6% and 29.7%, respectively) than with a fixed reference baseline score (cumulative probability: 10.1% and 20.3%, respectively). Conclusion: In this long-term observational RRMS dataset, a roving EDSS reference value was more efficient than a study baseline EDSS reference in detecting progression/worsening events unrelated to relapses and thus the transition to secondary progressive disease.

Greater sensitivity to multiple sclerosis disability worsening and progression events using a roving versus a fixed reference value in a prospective cohort study

Pellegrini, Fabio;Trojano, Maria
2018-01-01

Abstract

Background: Confirmed Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) progression occurring after a fixed-study entry baseline is a common measure of disability increase in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) studies but may not detect all disability progression events, especially those unrelated to overt relapses. Objective: To evaluate possible measures of disability progression unrelated to relapse using EDSS data over ≈5.5 years from the Tysabri®Observational Program (TOP). Methods: TOP is an ongoing, prospective, open-label study in RRMS patients receiving intravenous 300 mg natalizumab every 4 weeks. Measures of increasing disability were assessed using as a reference either study baseline score or a “roving” system that resets the reference score after ⩾24- or ⩾48-week confirmation of a new score. Results: This analysis included 5562 patients. Approximately 70% more EDSS progression events unrelated to relapse and 50% more EDSS worsening events overall were detected with a roving reference score (cumulative probability: 17.6% and 29.7%, respectively) than with a fixed reference baseline score (cumulative probability: 10.1% and 20.3%, respectively). Conclusion: In this long-term observational RRMS dataset, a roving EDSS reference value was more efficient than a study baseline EDSS reference in detecting progression/worsening events unrelated to relapses and thus the transition to secondary progressive disease.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Kappos2018.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Documento in Versione Editoriale
Licenza: Creative commons
Dimensione 1.14 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.14 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11586/221875
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 21
  • Scopus 48
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact