Mixed oxides based on MgO⋅CeO2 were used as efficient catalysts in the aerobic oxidation of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (5-HMF) to afford, with very high selectivity, either 2,5-diformylfuran (DFF, 99 %) or 2-formyl-5-furancarboxylic acid (FFCA, 90 %), depending on the reaction conditions. 5-Hydroxymethyl-2-furancarboxylic acid (HMFCA, 57–90 %) was formed only at low concentration of 5-HMF (<0.03 m) or in presence of external bases. The conversion of 5-HMF ranged from a few percent to 99 %, according to the reaction conditions. The oxidation was performed in water, with O2 as oxidant, without any additives. The surface characterization of the catalysts gave important information about their acid–base properties, which drive the selectivity of the reaction towards DFF. FFCA was formed from DFF at longer reaction times. Catalysts were studied by XPS and XRD before and after catalytic runs to identify the reason why they undergo reversible deactivation. XRD showed that MgO is hydrated to Mg(OH)2, which, even if not leached out, changes the basic properties of the catalyst that becomes less active after some time. Calcination of the recovered catalyst allows recovery of its initial activity. The catalyst is thus recoverable (>99 %) and reusable. The use of mixed oxides allows tuning of the basicity of the catalysts, avoiding the need for external bases for efficient and selective conversion of 5-HMF and waste formation, resulting in an environmentally friendly, sustainable process.

Selective Aerobic Oxidation of 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural to 2,5-Diformylfuran or 2-Formyl-5-furancarboxylic Acid in Water by using MgO⋅CeO2 Mixed Oxides as Catalysts

E. De Giglio;M. Distaso;F. Nocito;A. Dibenedetto
2018

Abstract

Mixed oxides based on MgO⋅CeO2 were used as efficient catalysts in the aerobic oxidation of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (5-HMF) to afford, with very high selectivity, either 2,5-diformylfuran (DFF, 99 %) or 2-formyl-5-furancarboxylic acid (FFCA, 90 %), depending on the reaction conditions. 5-Hydroxymethyl-2-furancarboxylic acid (HMFCA, 57–90 %) was formed only at low concentration of 5-HMF (<0.03 m) or in presence of external bases. The conversion of 5-HMF ranged from a few percent to 99 %, according to the reaction conditions. The oxidation was performed in water, with O2 as oxidant, without any additives. The surface characterization of the catalysts gave important information about their acid–base properties, which drive the selectivity of the reaction towards DFF. FFCA was formed from DFF at longer reaction times. Catalysts were studied by XPS and XRD before and after catalytic runs to identify the reason why they undergo reversible deactivation. XRD showed that MgO is hydrated to Mg(OH)2, which, even if not leached out, changes the basic properties of the catalyst that becomes less active after some time. Calcination of the recovered catalyst allows recovery of its initial activity. The catalyst is thus recoverable (>99 %) and reusable. The use of mixed oxides allows tuning of the basicity of the catalysts, avoiding the need for external bases for efficient and selective conversion of 5-HMF and waste formation, resulting in an environmentally friendly, sustainable process.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
2018_ChemSusChem.pdf

non disponibili

Tipologia: Documento in Versione Editoriale
Licenza: NON PUBBLICO - Accesso privato/ristretto
Dimensione 1.5 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.5 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
dibenedetto2018.pdf

accesso aperto

Descrizione: Articolo principale
Tipologia: Documento in Post-print
Licenza: Creative commons
Dimensione 1.31 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.31 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11586/218455
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 57
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 52
social impact