The forests of the areas of the peninsular southern Italy, united since 1139 in the Reign of Sicily, together with the homonymous insular one, were managed from that time in a unit way, until the unification of our Country, with draws of fuelwood, forage phytomass, and structural timber, which started a long time before. The draw of the fuelwood, made by man for lighting and houses heating, and for the cooking of food, and the other one of shrubs and grasses sprouts, due to domestic and breeded stock for nourishment, started with the Neolithic transition which occurred between the 7000 and the 6500 b.C. in the above mentioned area. The other one of the structural timber was started long after with the woody cuttings, made at the beginning occasionally and later more regularly through choice modality from the age of the Roman domination, till the end of the XVIII century. The high intensity of the woody draws caused in many forestry communities a vegetation degeneration which assumed the characters of regression with clear cuttings with reserves, only 45 per ha, prescribed by law at the beginning of the XIX century, during the second Bourbon Restoration. All this situation finished finally, at the end of the same century, by merit of the forestry Administration that spread the shelterwood uniform cuttings largely of the woods and the forests considered, as well as in many others of our Country. At the beginning of the second half of the last century, when the shelterwood group cuttings just started, in the context of interventions more and more careful to ecological aspects, a contraction of silvicultural activities has occurred in the specified area, as well as in many others of the southern Europe. In the passed short period of time, spontaneous regenerating processes established in numerous forestry communities of the same area, still interested from the practice of pasture. It is matter of phenomena completely unexpected, first of all for the insufficiency of the necessary knowledge about the working of the ecosystems involved, particularly of those ones referred to the regeneration times of the Mediterranean vegetation still fragile and vulnerable. Careful analysis are necessary in the same communities of plants, based on various monitoring actions, just to acquire a best definition of those processes, indispensable to the planning and the accomplishment of silvicultural interventions which do not oppose but support them.

LA CONSERVAZIONE E IL MIGLIORAMENTO DELLE COMUNITÁ VEGETALI FORESTALI DEL MEZZOGIORNO PENINSULARE D’ITALIA INTERESSATE DA PROCESSI DINAMICI SPONTANEI

TARTARINO, Patrizia;GRECO, ROBERTO
2009

Abstract

The forests of the areas of the peninsular southern Italy, united since 1139 in the Reign of Sicily, together with the homonymous insular one, were managed from that time in a unit way, until the unification of our Country, with draws of fuelwood, forage phytomass, and structural timber, which started a long time before. The draw of the fuelwood, made by man for lighting and houses heating, and for the cooking of food, and the other one of shrubs and grasses sprouts, due to domestic and breeded stock for nourishment, started with the Neolithic transition which occurred between the 7000 and the 6500 b.C. in the above mentioned area. The other one of the structural timber was started long after with the woody cuttings, made at the beginning occasionally and later more regularly through choice modality from the age of the Roman domination, till the end of the XVIII century. The high intensity of the woody draws caused in many forestry communities a vegetation degeneration which assumed the characters of regression with clear cuttings with reserves, only 45 per ha, prescribed by law at the beginning of the XIX century, during the second Bourbon Restoration. All this situation finished finally, at the end of the same century, by merit of the forestry Administration that spread the shelterwood uniform cuttings largely of the woods and the forests considered, as well as in many others of our Country. At the beginning of the second half of the last century, when the shelterwood group cuttings just started, in the context of interventions more and more careful to ecological aspects, a contraction of silvicultural activities has occurred in the specified area, as well as in many others of the southern Europe. In the passed short period of time, spontaneous regenerating processes established in numerous forestry communities of the same area, still interested from the practice of pasture. It is matter of phenomena completely unexpected, first of all for the insufficiency of the necessary knowledge about the working of the ecosystems involved, particularly of those ones referred to the regeneration times of the Mediterranean vegetation still fragile and vulnerable. Careful analysis are necessary in the same communities of plants, based on various monitoring actions, just to acquire a best definition of those processes, indispensable to the planning and the accomplishment of silvicultural interventions which do not oppose but support them.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/21225
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact