OBJECTIVE: Tuberculosis (TB) remains a major global health issue, ranking in the top ten causes of death worldwide. A deep understanding of factors influencing poor treatment outcomes may allow the development of additional treatment strategies, focused on the most vulnerable groups. Aims of the study were: (i) to evaluate the treatment outcome among TB subjects followed in an outpatient setting and (ii) to analyze factors associated with treatment failure in newly diagnosed patients with pulmonary TB in Beira, the second largest city of Mozambique. RESULTS: A total of 301 TB adult patients (32.6% females) were enrolled. Among them, 62 (20.6%) experienced a treatment failure over a 6 months follow-up. On multivariate model, being males (O.R. = 1.73; 95% CI 1.28-2.15), absence of education (O.R. = 1.85; 95% CI 1.02-2.95), monthly income under 50 dollars (O.R. = 1.74; 95% CI 1.24-2.21) and being employed (O.R. = 1.57; 95% CI 1.21-1.70), low body mass index values (O.R. = 1.42; 95% CI 1.18-1.72) and HIV status (O.R. = 1.42; 95% CI 1.10-1.78) increased the likelihood of therapy failure over 6 months of follow-up. In this study, patients who need more medical attention were young males, malnourished, with low income and low educational degree and HIV positive. These subjects were more likely to fail therapy.
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|Titolo:||Predictors of therapy failure in newly diagnosed pulmonary tuberculosis cases in Beira, Mozambique.|
MONNO, Laura [Writing – Original Draft Preparation]
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Citazione:||Predictors of therapy failure in newly diagnosed pulmonary tuberculosis cases in Beira, Mozambique. / Pizzol, D; Veronese, N; Marotta, C; Di Gennaro, F; Moiane, J; Chhaganlal, K; Monno, L; Putoto, G; Mazzucco, W; Saracino, A.. - In: BMC RESEARCH NOTES. - ISSN 1756-0500. - 11:1(2018).|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|