High concentrations of urinary calcium counteract vasopressin action via the activation of the calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) that is expressed in the luminal membrane of collecting duct cells, which impairs the trafficking of aquaporin-2 (AQP2). Pendrin/NaCl cotransporter double-knockout (dKO) mice display significant calcium wasting and develop severe volume depletion, despite increased circulating vasopressin levels. We hypothesized that the CaSR-mediated impairment of AQP2 expression/trafficking underlies vasopressin resistance in dKO mice. Compared with wild-type mice, in renal inner medulla, dKO mice had reduced total AQP2 sensitive to proteasome inhibitors, higher levels of AQP2-pS261, ubiquitinated AQP2, and p38-MAPK, an enzyme that is activated by CaSR signaling and known to phosphorylate AQP2 at Ser261. CaSR inhibition with the calcilytic NPS2143 reversed these effects, which indicates that CaSR mediates the up-regulation of AQP2-pS261, ubiquitination, and degradation. Of note, dKO mice demonstrated significantly higher AQP2-targeting miRNA-137 that was reduced upon CaSR inhibition, supporting a critical role for CaSR in the down-regulation of AQP2 expression. Our data indicate that CaSR signaling reduces AQP2 abundance both via AQP2-targeting miRNA-137 and the p38-MAPK/AQP2-pS261/ubiquitination/proteasomal axis. These effects may contribute to the reduced renal concentrating ability that has been observed in dKO mice and underscore a physiologic mechanism of the CaSR-dependent regulation of AQP2 abundance via a novel microRNA pathway.-Ranieri, M., Zahedi, K., Tamma, G., Centrone, M., Di Mise, A., Soleimani, M., Valenti, G. CaSR signaling down-regulates AQP2 expression via a novel microRNA pathway in pendrin and NaCl cotransporter knockout mice.

CaSR signaling down-regulates AQP2 expression via a novel microRNA pathway in pendrin and NaCl cotransporter knockout mice

Ranieri, Marianna;Tamma, Grazia;Centrone, Mariangela;Di Mise, Annarita;Valenti, Giovanna
2018

Abstract

High concentrations of urinary calcium counteract vasopressin action via the activation of the calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) that is expressed in the luminal membrane of collecting duct cells, which impairs the trafficking of aquaporin-2 (AQP2). Pendrin/NaCl cotransporter double-knockout (dKO) mice display significant calcium wasting and develop severe volume depletion, despite increased circulating vasopressin levels. We hypothesized that the CaSR-mediated impairment of AQP2 expression/trafficking underlies vasopressin resistance in dKO mice. Compared with wild-type mice, in renal inner medulla, dKO mice had reduced total AQP2 sensitive to proteasome inhibitors, higher levels of AQP2-pS261, ubiquitinated AQP2, and p38-MAPK, an enzyme that is activated by CaSR signaling and known to phosphorylate AQP2 at Ser261. CaSR inhibition with the calcilytic NPS2143 reversed these effects, which indicates that CaSR mediates the up-regulation of AQP2-pS261, ubiquitination, and degradation. Of note, dKO mice demonstrated significantly higher AQP2-targeting miRNA-137 that was reduced upon CaSR inhibition, supporting a critical role for CaSR in the down-regulation of AQP2 expression. Our data indicate that CaSR signaling reduces AQP2 abundance both via AQP2-targeting miRNA-137 and the p38-MAPK/AQP2-pS261/ubiquitination/proteasomal axis. These effects may contribute to the reduced renal concentrating ability that has been observed in dKO mice and underscore a physiologic mechanism of the CaSR-dependent regulation of AQP2 abundance via a novel microRNA pathway.-Ranieri, M., Zahedi, K., Tamma, G., Centrone, M., Di Mise, A., Soleimani, M., Valenti, G. CaSR signaling down-regulates AQP2 expression via a novel microRNA pathway in pendrin and NaCl cotransporter knockout mice.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/208945
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