Traditional optical imaging faces an unavoidable trade-o between resolution and depth of eld (DOF). To increase resolution, high numerical apertures (NA) are needed, but the associated large angular uncertainty results in a limited range of depths that can be put in sharp focus. Plenoptic imaging was introduced a few years ago to remedy this trade o. To this aim, plenoptic imaging reconstructs the path of light rays from the lens to the sensor. However, the improvement offered by standard plenoptic imaging is practical and not fundamental: the increased DOF leads to a proportional reduction of the resolution well above the diffraction limit imposed by the lens NA. In this paper, we demonstrate that correlation measurements enable pushing plenoptic imaging to its fundamental limits of both resolution and DOF. Namely, we experimentally demonstrate to maintain the imaging resolution at the diraction limit while increasing the depth of eld by a factor 4. Our results represent the theoretical and experimental basis for the effective development of thepromising applications of plenoptic imaging.

Diffraction-limited plenoptic imaging with correlated light

Pepe,Francesco V.
;
Di Lena,Francesco;Mazzilli,Aldo;Garuccio,Augusto;D'angelo,Milena
2017-01-01

Abstract

Traditional optical imaging faces an unavoidable trade-o between resolution and depth of eld (DOF). To increase resolution, high numerical apertures (NA) are needed, but the associated large angular uncertainty results in a limited range of depths that can be put in sharp focus. Plenoptic imaging was introduced a few years ago to remedy this trade o. To this aim, plenoptic imaging reconstructs the path of light rays from the lens to the sensor. However, the improvement offered by standard plenoptic imaging is practical and not fundamental: the increased DOF leads to a proportional reduction of the resolution well above the diffraction limit imposed by the lens NA. In this paper, we demonstrate that correlation measurements enable pushing plenoptic imaging to its fundamental limits of both resolution and DOF. Namely, we experimentally demonstrate to maintain the imaging resolution at the diraction limit while increasing the depth of eld by a factor 4. Our results represent the theoretical and experimental basis for the effective development of thepromising applications of plenoptic imaging.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
PRL119_243602_2017.pdf

non disponibili

Tipologia: Documento in Versione Editoriale
Licenza: Creative commons
Dimensione 1.2 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.2 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11586/203601
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 56
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 41
social impact