Estimating values of permeability (k), ef cient porosity (P) and hydraulic conductivity (K) by analysing eld outcrops as analogue of geothermal reservoirs, is a timely theme useful for predictions during geothermal ex- ploration programs. In this paper we present a methodology providing k, P and K values, based on geomet- ric analysis of quartz-tourmaline faults-vein arrays hosted in micaschist exposed in south-eastern Elba Island (Tuscan Archipelago, Italy), considered as the analogue of rock hosting the so-called “deep reservoir” in the Larderello geothermal eld. The methodology is based on the integration among structural geology, uid inclu- sions results and numerical analyses. Through a detailed structural mapping, scan-lines and scan-boxes analy- ses, we have reconstructed three superposed faulting events, developed in an extensional setting and framed in the Neogene evolution of inner Northern Apennines. Geometrical data of the fault-veins array were processed by reviewing the basic parallel-plate-model-equation for k evaluation. Fluid inclusion analyses provided those salinity and pressure-temperature values necessary for de ning density and viscosity of the parent geothermal uids. Then, permeability, density and viscosity were joined to get hydraulic conductivity (K). Permeability is estimated between 5 × 10− 13 and 5 × 10− 17 m2 with variations among the different generation of faults, while the hydraulic conductivity is encompassed between 1.31 × 10− 8 and 2.4 × 10− 13 m/s. The obtained permeabil- ity and hydraulic conductivity values are comparable with those from several geothermal areas, and in particular from the Larderello geothermal eld. The main conclusion is that the proposed integrated approach provides a reliable methodology to obtain crucial values, normally obtained after drilling, for developing numerical ow models of geothermal uid path in active geothermal systems by eld and laboratory analyses of analogue, ex- humed, geothermal systems.

Permeability and hydraulic conductivity of faulted micaschist in the eastern Elba Island exhumed geothermal system (Tyrrhenian sea, Italy): insights from Cala Stagnone

ZUCCHI, MARTINA
;
Brogi, Andrea;LIOTTA, Domenico;CAGGIANELLI, Alfredo;
2017-01-01

Abstract

Estimating values of permeability (k), ef cient porosity (P) and hydraulic conductivity (K) by analysing eld outcrops as analogue of geothermal reservoirs, is a timely theme useful for predictions during geothermal ex- ploration programs. In this paper we present a methodology providing k, P and K values, based on geomet- ric analysis of quartz-tourmaline faults-vein arrays hosted in micaschist exposed in south-eastern Elba Island (Tuscan Archipelago, Italy), considered as the analogue of rock hosting the so-called “deep reservoir” in the Larderello geothermal eld. The methodology is based on the integration among structural geology, uid inclu- sions results and numerical analyses. Through a detailed structural mapping, scan-lines and scan-boxes analy- ses, we have reconstructed three superposed faulting events, developed in an extensional setting and framed in the Neogene evolution of inner Northern Apennines. Geometrical data of the fault-veins array were processed by reviewing the basic parallel-plate-model-equation for k evaluation. Fluid inclusion analyses provided those salinity and pressure-temperature values necessary for de ning density and viscosity of the parent geothermal uids. Then, permeability, density and viscosity were joined to get hydraulic conductivity (K). Permeability is estimated between 5 × 10− 13 and 5 × 10− 17 m2 with variations among the different generation of faults, while the hydraulic conductivity is encompassed between 1.31 × 10− 8 and 2.4 × 10− 13 m/s. The obtained permeabil- ity and hydraulic conductivity values are comparable with those from several geothermal areas, and in particular from the Larderello geothermal eld. The main conclusion is that the proposed integrated approach provides a reliable methodology to obtain crucial values, normally obtained after drilling, for developing numerical ow models of geothermal uid path in active geothermal systems by eld and laboratory analyses of analogue, ex- humed, geothermal systems.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11586/189902
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