A simple, cheap, and selective catalyst based on copper/cerium oxides is described for the oxidation of 5-(hydroxymethyl)furfural (5-HMF) in water. An almost quantitative conversion (99 %) with excellent (90 %) selectivity towards the formation of 5-formyl-2-furancarboxylic acid, a platform molecule for other high value chemicals, is observed. The catalyst does not require any pretreatment or additives, such as bases, to obtain high yield and selectivity in water as solvent and using oxygen as oxidant. When a physical mixture of the oxides is used, low conversion and selectivity are observed. Air can be used instead of oxygen, but a lower conversion rate is observed if the same overall pressure is used, and the selectivity remains high. The catalyst can be recovered almost quantitatively and reused. Deactivation of the catalyst, observed in repeated runs, is due to the deposition of humins on its surface. Upon calcination the catalyst almost completely recovers its activity and selectivity, proving that the catalyst is robust. Aerobic workout: A mixed oxide of copper and cerium (CuOCeO2) is prepared by a milling method. The catalyst shows high activity towards the selective conversion of 5-(hydroxymethyl)furfural (5-HMF) in water, using O2 as oxidant and without any external additives. Deposition of humins during reaction causes deactivation, but upon calcination the original activity is mostly restored.
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|Titolo:||Selective Aerobic Oxidation of 5-(Hydroxymethyl)furfural to 5-Formyl-2-furancarboxylic Acid in Water|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Citazione:||Selective Aerobic Oxidation of 5-(Hydroxymethyl)furfural to 5-Formyl-2-furancarboxylic Acid in Water / Ventura, Maria; Aresta, Michele; Dibenedetto, Angela. - In: CHEMSUSCHEM. - ISSN 1864-5631. - 9:10(2016), pp. 1096-1100.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|