Klotho is an anti-aging factor mainly produced by renal tubular epithelial cells (TEC) with pleiotropic functions. Klotho is down-regulated in acute kidney injury in native kidney; however, the modulation of Klotho in kidney transplantation has not been investigated. In a swine model of ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI), we observed a remarkable reduction of renal Klotho by 24 h from IRI. Complement inhibition by C1-inhibitor preserved Klotho expression in vivo by abrogating nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kB) signaling. In accordance, complement anaphylotoxin C5a led to a significant down-regulation of Klotho in TEC in vitro that was NF-kB mediated. Analysis of Klotho in kidneys from cadaveric donors demonstrated a significant expression of Klotho in pre-implantation biopsies; however, patients affected by delayed graft function (DGF) showed a profound down-regulation of Klotho compared with patients with early graft function. Quantification of serum Klotho after 2 years from transplantation demonstrated significant lower levels in DGF patients. Our data demonstrated that complement might be pivotal in the down-regulation of Klotho in IRI leading to a permanent deficiency after years from transplantation. Considering the anti-senescence and anti-fibrotic effects of Klotho at renal levels, we hypothesize that this acquired deficiency of Klotho might contribute to DGF-associated chronic allograft dysfunction.

Complement Modulation of Anti-Aging Factor Klotho in Ischemia/Reperfusion Injury and Delayed Graft Function

CASTELLANO, GIUSEPPE;INTINI, ANGELICA;STASI, Alessandra;DIVELLA, CHIARA;GIGANTE, MARGHERITA;PONTRELLI, PAOLA;FRANZIN, ROSSANA;ACCETTURO, MATTEO;ZITO, ANNA;FIORENTINO, MARCO;LUCARELLI, GIUSEPPE;DITONNO, Pasquale;BATTAGLIA, Michele;CROVACE, Antonio;STAFFIERI, FRANCESCO;PERTOSA, Giovanni Battista;GESUALDO, Loreto
2016-01-01

Abstract

Klotho is an anti-aging factor mainly produced by renal tubular epithelial cells (TEC) with pleiotropic functions. Klotho is down-regulated in acute kidney injury in native kidney; however, the modulation of Klotho in kidney transplantation has not been investigated. In a swine model of ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI), we observed a remarkable reduction of renal Klotho by 24 h from IRI. Complement inhibition by C1-inhibitor preserved Klotho expression in vivo by abrogating nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kB) signaling. In accordance, complement anaphylotoxin C5a led to a significant down-regulation of Klotho in TEC in vitro that was NF-kB mediated. Analysis of Klotho in kidneys from cadaveric donors demonstrated a significant expression of Klotho in pre-implantation biopsies; however, patients affected by delayed graft function (DGF) showed a profound down-regulation of Klotho compared with patients with early graft function. Quantification of serum Klotho after 2 years from transplantation demonstrated significant lower levels in DGF patients. Our data demonstrated that complement might be pivotal in the down-regulation of Klotho in IRI leading to a permanent deficiency after years from transplantation. Considering the anti-senescence and anti-fibrotic effects of Klotho at renal levels, we hypothesize that this acquired deficiency of Klotho might contribute to DGF-associated chronic allograft dysfunction.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Castellano_et_al-2016-American_Journal_of_Transplantation.pdf

non disponibili

Tipologia: Documento in Versione Editoriale
Licenza: NON PUBBLICO - Accesso privato/ristretto
Dimensione 1.41 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.41 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11586/179145
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 30
  • Scopus 83
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 72
social impact