Phenolic acid intake through the consumption of whole-wheat foods provides important health benefits associated with reduced risks of cardiovascular diseases and colon cancer. The genetic variation for phenolic acids was extensively studied in common wheat, but a comprehensive survey in tetraploid wheat is lacking. In this study we evaluated the genetic variability for individual and total phenolic acids concentration existing in a large collection of tetraploid wheat (Triticum turgidum L.). A 2-year evaluation was undertaken on the whole-meal flour of 111 genotypes belonging to seven T. turgidum subspecies including cultivars, landraces and wild accessions. Durum cultivars [T. turgidum subsp. durum (Desf.) MacKey], had the highest average concentration of total phenolic acids (828.7 μg g−1 dm in 2012; 834.5 μg g−1 dm in 2013) with amounts varying from 550.9 μg g−1 dm to 1701.2 μg g−1 dm, indicating a variation of greater than threefold fold. The lowest concentration of phenolic acids was found in T. turgidum subsp. dicoccum (Schrank ex Schübler) Thell. Rivet wheat (T. turgidum L. subsp. turgidum) had phenolic acid concentrations similar to those in durum, but less variation was noted among the accessions. On the other hand, the accessions of the four remaining subspecies showed lower phenolic acid concentrations and variation among the accessions as compared to durum. A total of six phenolic acids were identified across the wheat genotypes. The effects of genotype, year and year × genotype were estimated by ANOVA and resulted significant for all phenolic acids. The ratio of genotypic variance to total variance suggested the possibility of improving phenolic acid content in elite wheat germplasm through appropriate breeding programs. Moreover, significant correlations between phenolic acids and other quality characteristics of the grain were detected.
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|Titolo:||Genetic variation for phenolic acids concentration and composition in a tetraploid wheat (Triticum turgidum L.) collection|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Citazione:||Genetic variation for phenolic acids concentration and composition in a tetraploid wheat (Triticum turgidum L.) collection / Laddomada, Barbara; Durante, Miriana; Mangini, Giacomo; D’Amico, Leone; Lenucci, Marcello Salvatore; Simeone, Rosanna; Piarulli, Luciana; Mita, Giovanni; Blanco, Antonio. - In: GENETIC RESOURCES AND CROP EVOLUTION. - ISSN 0925-9864. - 64:3(2017), pp. 587-597.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|