Background: The humanized monoclonal alpha4-integrin antibody Natalizumab (NTZ) (Tysabri©, Biogen Idec, Cambridge, MA, USA) has shown to be effective in multiple sclerosis (MS) therapy; however, the interruption of the drug has been related to a disease restart. This risk has to be carefully considered in case of accidental or desired pregnancies. Aim of the study: To report the risk of disease restart in patients who interrupted NTZ because of pregnancy and discuss the implication of NTZ choice in female childbearing patients with MS. Methods: Clinical histories and MRI images of four pregnant women with MS who interrupted NTZ. Results: Despite pregnancy is usually related with disease stability, the cases presented here showed an abrupt increase of disability with high number of MRI lesions, some of them with a mass effect. Conclusions: We recommend that female patients on childbearing age must be informed before starting NTZ treatment of the risk of a return of disease activity when the drug is discontinued. The risk occurs even during pregnancy a condition that is considered as protective for women with MS. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Natalizumab discontinuation and disease restart in pregnancy: A case series

Tortorella, C.;TROIANO, Maria;
2015

Abstract

Background: The humanized monoclonal alpha4-integrin antibody Natalizumab (NTZ) (Tysabri©, Biogen Idec, Cambridge, MA, USA) has shown to be effective in multiple sclerosis (MS) therapy; however, the interruption of the drug has been related to a disease restart. This risk has to be carefully considered in case of accidental or desired pregnancies. Aim of the study: To report the risk of disease restart in patients who interrupted NTZ because of pregnancy and discuss the implication of NTZ choice in female childbearing patients with MS. Methods: Clinical histories and MRI images of four pregnant women with MS who interrupted NTZ. Results: Despite pregnancy is usually related with disease stability, the cases presented here showed an abrupt increase of disability with high number of MRI lesions, some of them with a mass effect. Conclusions: We recommend that female patients on childbearing age must be informed before starting NTZ treatment of the risk of a return of disease activity when the drug is discontinued. The risk occurs even during pregnancy a condition that is considered as protective for women with MS. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/170035
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