In the present work, by titrating cytochrome c oxidase (cox) with the specific inhibitor Kcn, the flux control coefficient and the metabolic reserve capacity of Cox have been determined in human saponin-permeabilized muscle fibers. In the presence of the substrates glutamate and malate, a 2.3 ± 0.2-fold excess capacity of COX was observed in ADP-stimulated human skeletal muscle fibers. This value was found to be dependent on the mitocondrial substrate supply. In the combined presence of glutamate, malate, and succinate, which supported an approximately 1.4-fold higher rate of respiraion, only a 1.4 ± 0.2-fold excess capacity of COX was determined. In agreement with these findings, the flux control of COX increased, in the presence of the three substrates, from 0.27 ± 0.03 to 0.36 ± 0.08. These results indicate a tight in vivo control of respiration by COX in human skeletal muscle. This tight control may have significant implications for mitochondrial myopathies. In support of this conclusion, the analysis of skeletal muscle fibers from two patients with chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia, which carried deletions in 11 and 49% of their mitochondrial DNA, revealed a substantially lowered reserve capacity and increased flux control coefficient of COX, indicating severe rate limitations of oxidative phosphorylation by this enzyme.
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|Titolo:||Flux control of cytochrome c oxidase in human skeletal muscle|
|Autori interni:||VILLANI, Gaetano|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2000|
|Rivista:||THE JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|