The mitochondrial transcription factor A (Tfam) is a member of the HMG-box protein family, necessary for both transcription and maintenance of mitochondrial DNA. The gene is structured in seven exons and six introns and it is estimated to span about 10 kb in mouse, human and rat. In addition to the full length mRNA of Tfam, a shorter mRNA isoform lacking exon 5 has been found to be widely distributed in human and rat tissues. Here we present the isolation and characterization of Tfam gene in the primate Presbytis cristata which belongs to the Cercopithecidae family. We have determined the complete CDS sequence, the size of all the six introns, the complete sequences of the three shorter ones (I, III, VI) and the partial sequences of the long introns (II, IV, V). The comparison with other available Tfam sequences from mammals has revealed a high degree of conservation (above 90%) both in CDS and introns. By in situ hybridization (FISH) experiments we have mapped Tfam gene on chromosome 12 which, according to other cytogenetics studies, is the homologous region of chromosome 10, where human Tfam has been mapped. Moreover we have searched for the presence of alternatively spliced isoforms through several approaches, such as RT-PCR and differential hybridization. In Presbytis cristata we have not detected the presence of any spliced isoforms lacking exons; however we have identified one isoform in which part of the intron I is retained in the mRNA. The inclusion of this portion of intron I would originate an early stop codon if translated.

Study of the mitochondrial transcription factor A (Tfam) gene in the primate Presbytis cristata

GADALETA, Gemma
2005

Abstract

The mitochondrial transcription factor A (Tfam) is a member of the HMG-box protein family, necessary for both transcription and maintenance of mitochondrial DNA. The gene is structured in seven exons and six introns and it is estimated to span about 10 kb in mouse, human and rat. In addition to the full length mRNA of Tfam, a shorter mRNA isoform lacking exon 5 has been found to be widely distributed in human and rat tissues. Here we present the isolation and characterization of Tfam gene in the primate Presbytis cristata which belongs to the Cercopithecidae family. We have determined the complete CDS sequence, the size of all the six introns, the complete sequences of the three shorter ones (I, III, VI) and the partial sequences of the long introns (II, IV, V). The comparison with other available Tfam sequences from mammals has revealed a high degree of conservation (above 90%) both in CDS and introns. By in situ hybridization (FISH) experiments we have mapped Tfam gene on chromosome 12 which, according to other cytogenetics studies, is the homologous region of chromosome 10, where human Tfam has been mapped. Moreover we have searched for the presence of alternatively spliced isoforms through several approaches, such as RT-PCR and differential hybridization. In Presbytis cristata we have not detected the presence of any spliced isoforms lacking exons; however we have identified one isoform in which part of the intron I is retained in the mRNA. The inclusion of this portion of intron I would originate an early stop codon if translated.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11586/15104
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