The presence of the mu-opioid receptor (MOR) was investigated in the mare oviduct during oestrus and anoestrus, by means of immunoblotting and immunohistochemistry. Immunoblotting analysis showed that the MOR protein is expressed as 65, 50 and 30 kDa forms in the infundibulum and ampulla both in oestrus and anoestrus, while the 30 kDa form is absent in the isthmus. Moreover, different levels of expression were observed along the ampulla in the two periods examined. Immunohistochemistry revealed MOR in the mucosal epithelium, stromal cells, myocytes and blood vessels. Ciliated cells expressed MOR in the apical cytoplasm and, except for the isthmus of oestrous mares, also in the nucleus. Non-ciliated cells showed MOR only in the isthmus segment during oestrus. Stromal cells showed different immunoreactivity along the oviduct segments and during the oestrous and anoestrous phases. The myosalpinx displayed immunostained myocytes in the intrinsic musculature of the ampulla and in the extrinsic and intrinsic musculature of the isthmus without significant differences between anoestrus and oestrus. Blood vessels expressed MOR in endothelial cells and smooth muscle cells in the isthmus myosalpinx of oestrous mares only. In conclusion, these findings show diverse MOR expression in the three segments constituting the oviduct, as well as changes in MOR expression linked to the mare's physiological condition.
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|Titolo:||Changes in the expression of the mu-opioid receptor in the mare oviduct during oestrus and anoestrus|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2009|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|