The pediatric syndrome characterized by periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis, and cervical adenitis (PFAPA) and adult Beh double dagger et's disease share some clinical manifestations and are both polygenic autoinflammatory disorders with interleukin-1 beta showing to play a pivotal role. However, the diagnosis is mostly clinical and we hypothesize that specific criteria may be addressed differently by different physicians. To determine the diagnostic variability, we compared the answers of 80 patients with a definite diagnosis of Beh double dagger et's disease (age 42.1 +/- 13.7 years) obtained by separate telephone interviews conducted by a rheumatologist, a pediatrician, and an internist working largely in the field of autoinflammatory disorders. Questions were related to the age of symptom onset, the occurrence of recurrent fevers during childhood, and the association with oral aphthosis, cervical adenitis and/or pharyngitis, previous treatments, possible growth impairment, the time lapse between PFAPA-like symptoms and the onset of Beh double dagger et's disease, and the occurrence of Beh double dagger et-related manifestation during childhood. The rheumatologist identified 30 % of patients with Beh double dagger et's disease fulfilling PFAPA syndrome diagnostic criteria, compared to the pediatrician and the internist identifying 10 and 7.5 %, respectively. Most of the patients suffered from recurrent oral aphthosis in childhood also without fever (50, 39, and 48 % with each interviewer), yet no patient fulfilled the Beh double dagger et's disease diagnostic criteria. Our data suggest that physician awareness and expertise are central to the diagnosis of autoinflammatory disorders through an accurate collection of the medical history.

PFAPA syndrome and Behçet’s disease: a comparison of two medical entities based on the clinical interviews performed by three different specialists

LOPALCO, GIUSEPPE;IANNONE, Florenzo;LAPADULA, Giovanni;
2016-01-01

Abstract

The pediatric syndrome characterized by periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis, and cervical adenitis (PFAPA) and adult Beh double dagger et's disease share some clinical manifestations and are both polygenic autoinflammatory disorders with interleukin-1 beta showing to play a pivotal role. However, the diagnosis is mostly clinical and we hypothesize that specific criteria may be addressed differently by different physicians. To determine the diagnostic variability, we compared the answers of 80 patients with a definite diagnosis of Beh double dagger et's disease (age 42.1 +/- 13.7 years) obtained by separate telephone interviews conducted by a rheumatologist, a pediatrician, and an internist working largely in the field of autoinflammatory disorders. Questions were related to the age of symptom onset, the occurrence of recurrent fevers during childhood, and the association with oral aphthosis, cervical adenitis and/or pharyngitis, previous treatments, possible growth impairment, the time lapse between PFAPA-like symptoms and the onset of Beh double dagger et's disease, and the occurrence of Beh double dagger et-related manifestation during childhood. The rheumatologist identified 30 % of patients with Beh double dagger et's disease fulfilling PFAPA syndrome diagnostic criteria, compared to the pediatrician and the internist identifying 10 and 7.5 %, respectively. Most of the patients suffered from recurrent oral aphthosis in childhood also without fever (50, 39, and 48 % with each interviewer), yet no patient fulfilled the Beh double dagger et's disease diagnostic criteria. Our data suggest that physician awareness and expertise are central to the diagnosis of autoinflammatory disorders through an accurate collection of the medical history.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11586/146534
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