Age-related hearing impairment (ARHI, also known as presbycusis) is potentially a reversible risk factor for dementia and Alzheimer disease (AD). Social isolation, loneliness, poor verbal communication, and cognitive reserve depletion might causally link ARHI with cognitive impairment. ARHI is an important frailty marker, and several factors related to physical frailty could be associated with cognitive impairment. Such factors include inflammatory markers and vascular factors, which might also directly contribute to ARHI. Randomized controlled trials of potential interventions, and larger population-based studies, could facilitate further understanding of the interplay between cognitive impairment, ARHI and frailty in older age. Deficits in both peripheral hearing and central auditory processing (CAP) can contribute to ARHI. Impairments in peripheral hearing and CAP have been linked to accelerated cognitive decline, incident cognitive impairment and AD; moreover, CAP dysfunction is common in mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and AD. Assessment of CAP dysfunction in people with ARHI might, therefore, aid identification of older individuals with increased risk of MCI and AD.

Age-related hearing impairment—a risk factor and frailty marker for dementia and AD

PANZA, FRANCESCO;SOLFRIZZI, Vincenzo;LOGROSCINO, Giancarlo
2015-01-01

Abstract

Age-related hearing impairment (ARHI, also known as presbycusis) is potentially a reversible risk factor for dementia and Alzheimer disease (AD). Social isolation, loneliness, poor verbal communication, and cognitive reserve depletion might causally link ARHI with cognitive impairment. ARHI is an important frailty marker, and several factors related to physical frailty could be associated with cognitive impairment. Such factors include inflammatory markers and vascular factors, which might also directly contribute to ARHI. Randomized controlled trials of potential interventions, and larger population-based studies, could facilitate further understanding of the interplay between cognitive impairment, ARHI and frailty in older age. Deficits in both peripheral hearing and central auditory processing (CAP) can contribute to ARHI. Impairments in peripheral hearing and CAP have been linked to accelerated cognitive decline, incident cognitive impairment and AD; moreover, CAP dysfunction is common in mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and AD. Assessment of CAP dysfunction in people with ARHI might, therefore, aid identification of older individuals with increased risk of MCI and AD.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Age-related hearing impairment.pdf

non disponibili

Tipologia: Documento in Post-print
Licenza: NON PUBBLICO - Accesso privato/ristretto
Dimensione 402.58 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
402.58 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11586/145668
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 72
  • Scopus 143
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact