The availability of high-resolution thermal imagery of active lava flows has stimulated the use of radiance maps for the evaluation of lava effusion rates. This is made possible by simple formulae relating the lava flow rate to the energy radiated per unit time from the planimetric surface of the flow. Such formulae are based on a specific flow model and, consequently, their validity is subject to the model assumptions. An analysis of these assumptions reveals that the current use of the formulae is not consistent with the model. The reason why they provide reasonable, although very rough, values for effusion rates appears to be that the actual radiated energy is controlled by a feature (the nonuniform temperature of flow surface) which is not accounted for by the model and which counterbalances the effect of inconsistent use of the formulae. Citation: Dragoni, M., and A. Tallarico (2009), Assumptions in the evaluation of lava effusion rates from heat radiation, Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, L08302, doi:10.1029/2009GL037411.

Assumptions in the evaluation of lava eusion rates from heat radiation

TALLARICO, Andrea
2009

Abstract

The availability of high-resolution thermal imagery of active lava flows has stimulated the use of radiance maps for the evaluation of lava effusion rates. This is made possible by simple formulae relating the lava flow rate to the energy radiated per unit time from the planimetric surface of the flow. Such formulae are based on a specific flow model and, consequently, their validity is subject to the model assumptions. An analysis of these assumptions reveals that the current use of the formulae is not consistent with the model. The reason why they provide reasonable, although very rough, values for effusion rates appears to be that the actual radiated energy is controlled by a feature (the nonuniform temperature of flow surface) which is not accounted for by the model and which counterbalances the effect of inconsistent use of the formulae. Citation: Dragoni, M., and A. Tallarico (2009), Assumptions in the evaluation of lava effusion rates from heat radiation, Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, L08302, doi:10.1029/2009GL037411.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/14295
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