P-Glycoprotein (P-gp), along with other transporter proteins at the blood-brain barrier (BBB), limits the entry of many pharmaceuticals into the brain. Altered P-gp function has been found in several neurological diseases. To study the P-gp function, many positron emission tomography (PET) radiopharmaceuticals have been developed. Most P-gp radiopharmaceuticals are labeled with carbon-11, while labeling with fluorine-18 would increase their applicability due to longer half-life. Here we present the synthesis and in vivo evaluation of three novel fluorine-18 labeled radiopharmaceuticals: 4-((6,7-dimethoxy-3,4-dihydroisoquinolin-2(1H)-yl)methyl)-2-(4-fluorophenyl)oxazole (1a), 2-biphenyl-4-yl-2-fluoroethoxy-6,7-dimethoxy-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-isoquinoline (2), and 5-(1-(2-fluoroethoxy))-[3-(6,7-dimethoxy-3,4-dihydro-1H-isoquinolin-2-yl)-propyl]-5,6,7,8-tetrahydronaphthalen (3). Compounds were characterized as P-gp substrates in vitro, and Mdr1a/b((-/-))Bcrp1((-/-)) and wild-type mice were used to assess the substrate potential in vivo. Comparison was made to (R)-[(11)C]verapamil, which is currently the most frequently used P-gp substrate. Compound [(18)F]3 was performing the best out of the new radiopharmaceuticals; it had 2-fold higher brain uptake in the Mdr1a/b((-/-))Bcrp1((-/-)) mice compared to wild-type and was metabolically quite stable. In the plasma, 69% of the parent compound was intact after 45 min and 96% in the brain. Selectivity of [(18)F]3 to P-gp was tested by comparing the uptake in Mdr1a/b((-/-)) mice to uptake in Mdr1a/b((-/-))Bcrp1((-/-)) mice, which was statistically not significantly different. Hence, [(18)F]3 was found to be selective for P-gp and is a promising new radiopharmaceutical for P-gp PET imaging at the BBB.
|Titolo:||Synthesis and Preclinical Evaluation of Three Novel Fluorine-18 Labeled Radiopharmaceuticals for P-Glycoprotein PET Imaging at the Blood-Brain Barrier|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|